Isbel Diaz Torres

 Maritza de la Paz, administrator of the center: “You are invading MY dump”.
Maritza de la Paz, administrator of the center: “You are invading MY dump”.

Together as a group of environmentalist friends, we tried to determine the environmental impact of the 100th street dump located to the west of the Cuban capital.  The attempt was not completely successful since we were kicked out of the place by its “owner.”

The handling of solid waste in all cities around the world is a true headache.  It’s not an easy task, especially when the lifestyle imposed on us by the West is one of voracious consumerism and total indifference in the face of the havoc we have caused.

Gigantic trash dumps are physical evidence of this state of things.  In Havana we have three major ones, but the largest is the one on 100th Street.  According to information we exchanged before venturing to enter the dump, residents of the capital surpass the average amount of garbage produced by each resident on the island.  People in Havana produce 1.5 pounds of waste daily, and it’s still not known how this problem is going to be addressed.

These dumps occupy large stretches of open areas.  There are several strategies for processing garbage in these, though almost all imply the release of toxic substances into the atmosphere.  Polluting gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and chlorofluorocarbons contribute to the greenhouse effect, while ammonia and heavy metals present dangers by their leaching into the soil and water.

This leaching or draining can cause pollution and the reduction of oxygen levels in groundwater.  This is why it is necessary to waterproof the base when setting up a dump.  I don’t know the design of the 100th Street dump, but studies confirm that substances have leached from there and have now polluted the nearby reservoir as well as the Almendares River and the Vento Aqueduct – of which each is a supplier of water to large parts of the capital.

Likewise, studies have revealed that heavy metals have now entered the food chain.  Vegetables from farms near the trash dump possess levels of these substances above those considered acceptable for human health and biodiversity.  The fumes and dust from the dump are also deposited on cultivated land; therefore vegetables receive pollution through both the soil and the air.

The city proper is not three miles away — as newspapers claim — but very close by.  In addition to this, animals that graze peacefully in this area are the potential bearers of toxic illnesses and substances.  This was quite probably the case with the herd of cattle that we ran into upon our arrival.  The herder admitted to us that there were also 54 goats and 73 rams there.

Perhaps this was what was so worrisome to comrade Maritza de la Paz, the administrator of the dump facility.  Once she was informed of our visit, she came running to immediately expel us from her dump.  “You’re invading my dump,” she told us.  It’s worth pointing out that to get there we didn’t have to climb any perimeter fence or gate; there wasn’t even a simple sign there to discourage our access.

 The animals that pasture there are potential spreaders of illnesses and toxic substances.
The animals that pasture there are potential spreaders of illnesses and toxic substances.

Although fairly excited, the comrade was kind.  The only detail that I requested of her was to explain how this was “her” dump; I thought that it was “ours,” consistent with the idea of socialist property and a sense of collective ownership…  Nonetheless, I got my explanation: “There’s a thing called a ‘sense of ownership,’ and the person with the “resolution” saying she’s in charge is me.  The ‘sense of ownership’ is mine,” she spit back defiantly.

In a disciplined manner, we all left immediately.  In our retreat, a group of “illegal” workers who were heading toward the dump with sacks asked us, “Is there an inspection going on there?”  When we told him that there wasn’t and that the only one there was the administrator, they responded, “Ah, good, there’s no problem with her” and they continued walking toward that area.

The administrator had been clear in telling us that “you people can’t invade land that’s already government property,” but apparently the many people who work there every day — illegally — are not invading, at least not according to the concept of that administrator.

The reality is that these men and women survive thanks to that work, which has great value.  They recycle.  They rummage through the waste to collect raw materials and then sell these to the government.  They put their health at risk to do what the dump facility should probably be doing.  Maybe the dump should employ them to guarantee them protection and optimum hygienic conditions, to unionize them and give them incentives.  The public service message about conservation that comes on TV so often should be replaced by one for recycling.

What’s more, the biogas plant that was set up at the dump in 2008 is not producing electricity or fertilizers.  It barely transforms any methane from green garbage that is brought there from across the entire city.  This gas (highly flammable and polluting) is transformed into less polluting carbon dioxide.  German technology, Chinese donations, Swiss and UN financing, and Cuban technologists traveling to China to train for this.

Those of us interested in environmental protection want to find out from close up about such sources of pollution that have impacted our urban, semi-urban and rural landscapes for years.  We want to rekindle the desire to do things for the city, its people and the environment of which we are a part.

Perhaps there doesn’t exist a “resolution” that specifically names us for this, beyond our personal resolve to defend what is beautiful and oppose what is poorly done.


Isbel Diaz

Isbel Diaz Torres: Pinar del Rio and Havana are my cities. I was born in one on March 1, 1976, and I’ve always lived in the other. I am a biologist and poet, though at times I’ve also been a musician, translator, teacher, computer geek, designer, photographer and editor. I’m very non-conformist and a defender of differences – perhaps due to always having been an ever-repressed “model child.” Nothing enthralls me more than the unknown, nature and art; these serve as my sources of mystery and development. A surprising activism has been born in me over the recent period. Though I’m not very sure how to channel it, I feel that it’s a worthy and legitimate energy. Let’s hope I have the discernment to manage it.

23 thoughts on “Get Out of ‘My’ Dump

  • Isbel, I posted this somewhere else here at HavanaTimes. Hope you can see the videos
    and understand them.

    take a look at these videos. They are from Ted talks talking about
    statistics and predictions for the future and how the poorest countries of Africa are
    catching up to the most develop ones

    http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html

    see these other videos from ted talk
    on experiments to determine the best answer to problems (Using science)!

    http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/esther_duflo_social_experiments_to_fight_poverty.html

    http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/jacqueline_novogratz_on_an_escape_from_poverty.html

    http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/jacqueline_novogratz_invests_in_ending_poverty.html

    this goes to show that poverty can be reduced by many means and many people are helping.
    He mentioned that Africa in the last 50 years has gone from a medieval status to a much
    better economic status so the improvement for them has been phenomenal when one looks into
    the data with that perspective.

    It took Europeans more than 500 years to get where they are. The access to high technology
    and not having to repeat all the little detours that western civilization took shorten their
    path to where they are now.

  • Eso hace el gobierno “democrático” de los Estados Unidos, manipula, gesta golpes de estado, invade, chantajea económicamente, etc. No lo digo yo… lo dicen ellos, en los cables que WikiLeaks ha hecho públicos. Ya que esa una sociedad “democrática”, ¿debo entender entonces que fue el pueblo norteamericano el que decidió agredir en algún momento de su historia a Afganistán, Angola, Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Camboya, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El Congo, El Salvador, Filipinas, Granada, Guatemala, Haití, Hiroshima, Honduras, Irak, Irán, Islas Vírgenes, Japón, Libia, Nagasaki, Nicaragua, Norcorea, Palestina, Panamá, Puerto Rico, República Dominicana, Sabra, Somalia, Sudán, Timor, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yugoslavia, etc.? en fin…
    Yo preferiría que nos evitáramos esos patrones en estos diálogos. Realmente hieren mi sensibilidad. Los que amamos Cuba, nos dolemos por nuestra realidad, y queremos transformarla hacia el diálogo, la participación, la verdadera democracia no burguesa; estamos llamados a usar la valentía pero sobre todo la creatividad. Basta de falsos “buenos burgueses”.
    “Tener más” significa “tener más que otro”, eso está claro, puesto que los bienes materiales son finitos. Lo único verdaderamente infinito es la solidaridad, la amistad, la alegría, la humildad…

  • En fin, es tal la manipulación de estos temas, que solo almas demasiado cándidas (o con claros intereses económicos) podrían tragarse la píldora que intentan vender desde Occidente.

    Jajaja, estaba esperando la carita amarilla con la sonrisa… para la pregunta cuya respuesta era (lo imagine cuando la escribí) Yoani. Bueno, es bueno saber tu posición al respecto.

    Otra cosa, ¿a qué sistema dices tú que yo llamé socialista?… quizás debas revisar mis entradas de nuevo.

    “En realidad no existe incompatibilidad entre capitalismo y democracia. Tengo la Buena suerte de vivir en un pais asi”
    ¿y qué país es ese, si se puede saber?

    “De Julian Assange. Te preguntaria que crees que le pasaria a alguien de Cuba que estubiera en la misma situacion y que el regime cubano le hechara la mano?”
    No quisiera estar en el pellejo de él. Pero bueno, puedo inferir por tu respuesta que el régimen de acá “es tan malo” como el de allá.. ¿no? Jejeje
    Pero es muy curioso cómo, después de lo de WikiLeaks, sigas pensando que las personas en el capitalismo no son constantemente manipuladas (incluso, personas con alta cultura y poder).

  • De modo que proponerse la defensa del capitalismo, como lo haces tú, es una empresa bien difícil. Eso sin contar lo que desde el punto de vista moral significa aceptar tal estado de cosas.
    Para ti la cuestión se resume a tener voz para quejarse (eso es lo que propones para el caso de China), cuando la realidad es que eso no es suficiente.
    El capitalismo ha defendido siempre los derechos humanos, pero considerando unos “más humanos” que otros. Por ejemplo, según esos principios es más importante tener derecho a formar un partido o fundar una empresa (derechos civiles y políticos), que tener derecho al agua, a la alimentación, a la vivienda, a la educación, a la salud (derechos económicos, sociales y culturales).
    Que 800 millones de personas sufran malnutrición crónica o que más de 100 millones de menores no tengan acceso a la educación primaria no son desgraciadas realidades, sino un escándalo para los derechos humanos. No obstante, los derechos civiles y políticos son “de primera generación”, mientras que los económicos, sociales y culturales son “de segunda generación”.
    Los derechos civiles cuentan con un “Protocolo” que faculta a la ONU para recibir y considerar comunicaciones de individuos que aleguen ser víctimas de violaciones de cualquiera de los derechos enunciados en ese Pacto. Sin embargo, el referido a los derechos sociales no tiene este instrumento. De modo que si escribes a la ONU diciendo que no tienes qué comer, nada lograrás.

  • “la tendencia es hacia mas informacion y mas educacion”
    Sí, la tendencia siempre será esa, el problema es la velocidad en que esos cambios se producen. Para tener correo o internet hace falta electricidad. Sólo imagínate la cantidad de personas en el mundo que no tienen acceso a la electricidad. Son cerca de 1.500 millones. Quizás antes no eran tantos… de modo que se puede decir que la tendencia es a que la tengan… en el año 9000… Los 19,5 millones de habitantes del estado de Nueva York consumen tanta energía eléctrica como los 791 millones de habitantes de África subsahariana, excluida Sudáfrica. Esa es la lógica del capitalismo que defiendes.
    Según estudios optimistas, América Latina tendrá electricidad para todos en 2030 y China hacia 2015. No obstante, 1.200 millones de personas vivirán aún sin electricidad en 2030, la mayoría en zonas rurales de África subsahariana, India y otras regiones en desarrollo de Asia.
    Según estadísticas de la ONU, 1.900 millones de personas, principalmente mujeres y niños, mueren anualmente por problemas de salud a consecuencia de los humos tóxicos que exhalan los hornillos domésticos rudimentarios.

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