By Elio Delgado Legon
HAVANA TIMES – Referring to the Zanjón Pact of 1878, José Marti wrote that the Cuban revolutionaries swords weren’t ripped away from them, they simply dropped them. And he was right, because the lack of unity among the insurgents was the main cause of a large group of leaders signing a peace with the Spanish army that did not achieve independence or the abolition of slavery, the two main objectives of the war.
Generals Antonio Maceo, in the east of the country, with the Protest of Baraguá and Ramón Leocadio Bonachea in the center, with the Protest of Jarao, saved the honor of the Liberating Army by not signing any pact with the enemy, which allowed them to continue the war without violating any agreement.
And the fighting resumed in 1895, organized by Jose Marti. Within four years the independence seekers had almost won the war, when the intervention of the US military frustrated total independence as the country became a neo-colony of the United States and only reached true Independence on January 1, 1959, with the triumph of the last stage of the Revolution.
Since then, the successive governments of the United States of America have spared no effort to frustrate again what has cost the Cuban people 90 years of the struggle.
At present, efforts to get Cubans to drop the sword and lose what has cost so much, are directed towards the terrain of ideas, trying to convince some sectors of the population that it is advisable to return to capitalism, which would mean falling again into the category of neo-colony. And there are those who are convinced, as in the past there existed the annexationists who wanted the island to be annexed to the United States, today there are neo-annexationists, who prefer that our country fall back into the orbit of the powerful neighbor to the north.
It is true that the current economic situation is difficult and that the blockade, in effect for more than 55 years, does us an enormous damage and subjects the Cuban people to many shortages which would not exist if it were not maintained. However the situation is only temporary, caused by external factors, not a crisis, as many want to see, because the truth is that the country is advancing in all fields; Perhaps not as fast as we all would like, but it is moving forward.
The Cuban people have given many signs of their capacity to resist, in stages that were actually much more difficult than the current one, such as the so-called Special Period, when the country was almost completely paralyzed and no one considered abandoning the Revolution.
On the contrary, the people stood firm on the side of our leaders and it was always very clear where our difficulties were coming from and how they were to be solved, which was not just to give up, but to stand firmly, and only then did we get out of that situation.
It’s true that many did not endure and left the country in search of economic improvements. However the majority have had confidence that we will go forward, not be dropping the sword and surrendering to imperialism, but working together for the good of all.