Elio Delgado Legon

The East-West Diversion dam to benefit farmers in eastern Cbua.

HAVANA TIMES — Cuba is an eminently agricultural country, which is on its way to becoming a developed nation, the main obstacle being the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the US for nearly 60 years. Modernizing agriculture and livestock production is something that needs to be done and much is being done in this respect.

Cuban agriculture isn’t what it was in pre-revolutionary Cuba when farmers were only guided by older farmers’ experience because there hadn’t been any scientific breakthroughs in this or any other field of thought. The seeds they used were the ones that farmers stockpiled themselves and were mostly low-quality which led to low yields as a result. Irrigation systems were hardly used as there wasn’t any reservoir water, which meant that a year of drought was a year of hunger in the countryside.

Today, our farming situation is the complete opposite. Farming, both for state-run companies and agricultural and livestock cooperatives and independent farmers, is benefitting from the scientific breakthroughs that agricultural research centers have obtained. High quality and certified seeds are used, a high percentage of farming lands have a water supply for irrigation. Large investments are being made to continue to increase water supplies to more lands, which will ensure better yields and therefore greater agricultural and livestock productivity.

One example of the investments being made to ensure this are the diversion dams that have been made where there is lots of water to channel water to places which need water. The greatest project of this kind, which was planned and built by Cuban engineers is the East-West Diversion, in the country’s east.

Labeled the most important hydraulic project in 21st century Cuba, the East-West Diversion diverts water from river basins which start in the Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa mountains to the fertile plainlands in north Holguin, Las Tunas, north-east Camaguey and the center and north of the Cauto valley.

This project is a hydraulic system which begins at the Sagua river dam, about 37 km away from its estuary with the Atlantic Ocean and about 15 km away from the town of Sagua de Tanamo. The first stretch runs towards the west regulating the Miguel Grande, Cabonico and Levisa rivers, with their respective dams and joining them via tunnels, until they reach the Mayari river reservoir, 13 km to the south of the town which shares the same name.

A system of channels and tunnels transport water, crossing large sugar cane areas, which will be used by irrigation.  

The severe drought we’ve been experiencing over recent years suggested that this diversion dam be built to provide a water supply solution to the west of Holguin province and in the north of Las Tunas.

Flooding of the Mayari river in the city that shares the same name has been prevented thanks to this dam. Between October 2015 and April 2016, 8.2 million cubic meters of water were diverted towards Holguin, which meant that farmers could tackle the drought and people in this populated city (over 300,000 inhabitants) had access to water.

Water supplied by the diversion dam already benefits farming in Holguin, where over a thousand hectares of different crops are irrigated, but there is an opportunity to irrigate over 12,000 hectares if the equipment necessary is installed.

Another diversion dam which benefits Cuban farming (albeit less important) is the Zaza-Ciego canal which transports water from the Zaza dam, the largest in Cuba; to the southern part of the Ciego de Avila province where this precious liquid is in shortage for irrigating this province’s fertile lands.

I have only pointed out two examples of how Cuba is working to increase agricultural productivity using science and technology, which need engineers and technicians trained at Cuban universities to decisively contribute to the progress of Cuban farming with their knowledge and expertise.


Elio Delgado Legon

Elio Delgado-Legon: I am a Cuban who has lived for 80 years, therefore I know full well how life was before the revolution, having experienced it directly and indirectly. As a result, it hurts me to read so many aspersions cast upon a government that fights tooth and nail to provide us a better life. If it hasn’t fully been able to do so, this is because of the many obstacles that have been put in its way.

16 thoughts on “Progress in Cuban agriculture

  • I too have questioned why the US continues to provide the Castro regime with a “let-out”.
    But although one frequently cannot buy Cuban coffee in our town in Cuba – up to three months on stretch, it is available in Canada being imported from CIMEX (a GAESA subsidiary) by ‘CASA CUBANA’ of Montreal. (Telephone: 1-877-606-1806).
    So Ken, why doesn’t Cuba increase coffee production? There were at one time some 52 coffee producers on the mountains at Terrazas, Province of Artemisa, but now there are none.
    Do you know whether the TD Bank was fined for assisting Cuba or assisting Iran? (Maybe both)?

  • “It is my opinion that the US embargo (which actually is the second one, the first having been imposed by President Dwight Eisenhower on the Batista regime) has little effect upon the Cuban economy as they can obtain most requirements from their allies. It has however provided them over the years with an excuse for all their own incompetence.”
    If the embargo has no economic impact and serves only as an excuse for hardships in Cuba, why is it continued?

    https://blog.volkovlaw.com/2017/04/td-bank-sanctions-violations/
    In January of 2017 the Toronto Dominion Bank paid a fine of $516,105 for facilitating financial transactions with Cuba and Iran. Surely, one of the things you need for international trade is the ability to move money easily. Difficulty with this would make trade more sluggish and perhaps more expensive.
    You cite a number of US goods that are found in Cuba and I don’t doubt what you say, but what price does Cuba pay for these goods compared to the price they would pay without sanctions?
    And how easily can Cuba put their products into the international market so they can pay for imports?

  • You asked a question Ken and I omitted to answer it, my apology!
    It is my opinion that the US embargo (which actually is the second one, the first having been imposed by President Dwight Eisenhower on the Batista regime) has little effect upon the Cuban economy as they can obtain most requirements from their allies. It has however provided them over the years with an excuse for all their own incompetence. Any time there is a problem, the regime blames the “blockade” and the Propaganda Department of the PCC pays for huge hoardings condemning it.
    The response question, is to list any products which Cuba can only obtain from the US or countries that comply with the Helms/Burton Act?
    One of the mysteries of GAESA and its purchasing agencies is why they purchase so much product from the detested US? One would have imagined that their communist morality would have caused them to ban imports from the US. But, the Pan-American, TRD, Cimex stores etc, have a wide range of US product varying from canned fruit and vegetables, frozen chicken footware, clothing and even US beer. Could it possibly be that palms are being greased? Another odd relationship is that what remains of the Cuban citrus industry – which pre-revolution was large – markets in conjunction with a Jewish agency in Tel-Aviv. Yet it is Israel that votes along with the US against the much supported UN (192 countries) resolutions to lift the embargo. That could well be described as hypocrisy or at the very least as double-standards.

  • Cassandra or whoever you are……
    Your point is a non-point and only reflects on your obvious inability to grasp plain English.
    A producer is not someone who constructs a large hydro facility.
    A producer is someone who cultivates the land and grows food. People do not produce more food than they need if there is no chance of financial reward.
    If there are no financial rewards for producers, Cube will continue to under-produce which would be a continued waste of fertile land.
    Hope that ain’t too complicated for you.
    And your cheap wee insult reflects on your obvious inability to grasp the concept of basic politeness. Go take one…………

  • I am trying to imagine what incentive would need to be offered to an individual producer to move him to build a dam and a multi-state irrigation system.

    The picture won’t come. All I can see is Nick with his head where the sun don’t shine.

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