By Erasmo Calzadilla
Since the very beginning, theologians have been caught up in trying to solve the riddle of the trinity, without much success.
Are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost different facets of the same and only God? Or are they distinct representations of the same divinity? Perhaps they are three different Gods with coordinated roles? On maybe some other variation on the theme…? What a huge mystery contained in so few words!
I imagine that someone from far away latitudes would fall into the same labyrinth trying to decipher who holds the reins of power in Cuba by reading our socialist constitution. To illustrate what I mean, I propose we look at the first, third and fifth articles of the document, which specifically address the issue of who wields the baton.
ARTICLE 1. Cuba is an independent and sovereign socialist state of workers, organized with all and for the good of all as a united and democratic republic, for the enjoyment of political freedom, social justice, individual and collective well-being, and human solidarity.
ARTICLE 3. In the Republic of Cuba sovereignty lies in the people, from whom originates all the power of the state. That power is exercised directly or through the assemblies of People’s Power and other state bodies which derive their authority from these assemblies, in the form and according to the norms established in the Constitution and by law.
When no other recourse is possible, all citizens have the right to struggle through all means, including armed struggle, against anyone who tries to overthrow the political, social and economic order established in this Constitution.
ARTICLE 5. The Communist Party of Cuba, a follower of Martí’s ideas and of Marxism-Leninism, and the organized vanguard of the Cuban nation, is the highest leading force of society and of the state, which organizes and guides the common effort toward the goals of the construction of socialism and the progress toward a communist society.
So then, who holds the power in Cuba? The people, the workers, or the Party?
I don’t understand how such an important question can be so unclear in the constitution. Or am I just dense? If someone understands this, will you please explain it to me?