Would Cubans Choose Annexation or Independence?

Erasmo Calzadilla

HAVANA TIMES — In recent years, the citizens of Puerto Rico and the Falkland Islands (a.k.a Islas Malvinas) were consulted regarding the status of their respective territories. Both preferred annexation or integration to a First World country over independence. If Cuba were granted the possibility of choosing, what would its citizens decide?

More than half a century of “socialism” has eroded Cubans’ sense of belonging to a territory and culture. In Cuba, “homeland” is a word about to become extinct. No dictatorship, no blockade, not even US neo-colonialism was able to achieve this.

A good part of Cubans living on the island, particularly the young, longs to escape. Preferably towards the north, but Ecuador, Chile, China and other destinations will also do. The point is to leave for any corner of the planet where there’s at least some hope of getting ahead, even at the cost of enormous sacrifice.

Illustration by Manuel Herrera

I myself am a good example of an uprooted citizen: I am not proud of a people who acquiesce to dictatorship. The symbols of the homeland disgust me. If it weren’t for my folks, I would have picked up and left a long time ago.

This, however, doesn’t make me blind to the perversity that surrounds the issue of annexation. Of course the inhabitants of a country saddled by chronic poverty long to “become integrated” into any rich neighbor willing to open its doors to them, but that’s only part of the story.

The responsibility of the rich for the chronic and structural poverty of the poor is the other. Evoking the first without recalling the second would be highly unjust.

Uncertainty

In less than twenty years, fossil fuel shortages and climate change will unleash a global crisis. We’ll have wars, massive exoduses and shifting national borders. Some analysts believe that, as a result of this, small nations will fuse into larger blocs and lose their sovereignty in the process.

If that were to happen, what bloc would Cuba gravitate towards? Towards the north or towards the south? The current trend points toward the south, but who knows what will happen tomorrow.

In any event, civil liberties and individual rights will be hard to preserve in the midst of the coming social upheavals. We’re already experiencing this.

This is the end of my predictive, geo-strategic analysis of annexation.


Erasmo Calzadilla

Erasmo Calzadilla: I find it difficult to introduce myself in public. I've tried many times but it doesn’t flow. I’m more less how I appear in my posts, add some unpresentable qualities and stir; that should do for a first approach. If you want to dig a little deeper, ask me for an appointment and wait for a reply.

14 thoughts on “Would Cubans Choose Annexation or Independence?

  • I dream of a free and independent cuba one day for the commies to be pushed into the sea and hard working cubans to return home and realize the island full potential….would very much like too see her join the union and place a large naval base on her shores to give america full dominance of our coast lines and prevent drugs from being smuggled in by sea and air…not to mention the climate is perfect for growing medicinal plants and also for launching space craft

  • Cuba, fully sovereign and in control of its own destiny. Unfortunately that decision, reflect what is going on today, assassination, oppression, persecution, intervention, slavery indoctrination, hungry, discrimination, and other things. I can not risk my family to into unsecure future, that comes another tyrant, with sweets, words, and false promises, and the cycle continue, over and over again, because the problem is that Cuban never learn, by their mistakes, History has show it, since the first day of independence in 1902.

  • The lost opportunity.

    Cuba lies 90 miles off the coast of Florida.
    This proximity to the United States lent to the viewpoint among many American decision makers, referred to as the law of political gravitation, that annexation of Cuba would be a logical extension of the United States’ borders, and fulfillment of manifest destiny. Cuba’s proximity to the United States also meant that its harbors were of strategic importance, Cuba’s harbors could be used by enemies to threaten war on
    the United States conversely the United States could use those harbors as a first line of defense against enemies. Thomas Jefferson considered the Western hemisphere, especially Cuba and Florida, to be a jumping off from an “empire for liberty.
    Cuba also factored into the economic system of the United States and equally the United States greatly impacted Cuban economics. Beginning with illicit trade in the 1700s, the United States quickly became not only the primary market for exports from Cuba but also the primary

    (database). Available from World Wide Web: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu.
    The Right of the United States to Interfere in
    Cuba”. The Albany Law Journal: A Weekly Record. Volume LVII, From January to
    July, 1898, 278-281. Albany NY: Albany Law Journal Co. 1898.
    Greg Grandin. Empire’s Workshop: Latin America,
    the United States and the Rise. New York: Henry Holt and Company,
    The United States
    began to expand that trade with Cuba, including sugar, tobacco, and tourism. As time went on, due to politics and commerce between the United States and Cuba, the United States began to have more of a vested interest in Cuba and thoughts of annexing Cuba became more prevalent among United States policy makers.
    While annexation was a vision shared by many Cubans, who felt that it would bring stability and wealth to Cuba, it was not
    without its opponents. Cuban Independentistas held the dream of an independent Cuba, fully sovereign and in control of its own destiny. Unfortunately that decision, reflect what is going on today, assassination, oppression, persecution, intervention, slavery indoctrination, hungry, discrimination, and other things. I can not risk my family to in the future, when comes another tyrant, with sweets, words, and false promises, and the cycle continue, over and over again, because the problem is that Cubans, never learn, by their mistakes, History has
    show it, since the first day of independence in 1902. Cuba will be better be part of the strongest Democracy in the World, rather to be governed by another tyrant in the future

    Michael Anguelo http://www.nutrihealthyou.com

  • Cuba, fully sovereign and in control of its own destiny. Unfortunately that decision, reflect what is going on today, assassination, oppression, persecution, intervention, slavery indoctrination, hungry, discrimination, and other things. I can not risk my family to into unsecure future, that comes another tyrant, with sweets, words, and false promises, and the cycle continue, over and over again, because the problem is that Cuban never learn, by their mistakes, History has show it, since the first day of independence in 1902.

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