My Neighbor

By Veronica Fernandez

Veronica Fernandez
Veronica Fernandez

I have a neighbor who often drops by my house when the Brazilian soap opera is on. She’s over 55, but has continued working despite being past retirement age, having labored for more than 30 years as the secretary of a textile company here in the Cuban capital.

Yesterday she mentioned that she was feeling upset. When she arrived at work she was approached by a close friend who serves as the company’s gardener. She noticed that he seemed very depressed and asked him what was wrong and if there was any way that she could help him.

“I’ll share my troubles with you, but I know you can’t help me,” the man told her. “I need sand, cement, cement blocks, rebar, gravel and everything else to build a small room on my house. My family has grown with the birth of my twin grandchildren. Now we are eight people sharing one room, so none of us have any privacy.”

“I can’t stand being inside of my house anymore. I’m going crazy! The solution that I came up with was to build a little room in an area that forms part of the entryway to the house,” he told my neighbor.

When she suggested to him that he go buy the materials he laughed at her and asked “Where?”

She was left with nothing else to say because there is no place where those materials are sold.

My neighbor then told the gardener, “If these materials are produced in our country, then why isn’t there any outlet that sells them to the population, so that we can resolve this type of problem that so often affects us.”

EVEN BUYING A FEW BRICKS CAN BE AN ORDEAL. (photo by Caridad)

“We agreed that according to the media, there are several factories in Cuba dedicated to the production of building materials. So why isn’t there any place where we can go and buy what we need legally, instead of having to resort to the black market,” [materials stolen from construction sites or storage facilities], she asked.

The gardener also told my neighbor that the Cuban government only offers cement in the hard currency shops, where each sack costs 9.60 Cuban dollars, (US$12.00), “the equivalent of almost a month of our salaries.”

“The average person can’t buy it at these prices, since we’d have to choose between buying cement and buying food,” he said. He also pointed out that even those who earn a small part of their salary in CUC, the Cuban hard currency, or receive help from family members abroad, can’t legally purchase the rest of the materials that they need because they aren’t for sale.

Listening to this situation, what came to mind is that there should be a way to obtain building materials with a loan from the bank, one we could pay off in reasonable installments. That’s what the government has done to make refrigerators, televisions and some air conditioners available with payments in proportion to the salaries of the workers in each family nucleus. Retired people get the money taken out of their pensions in small enough percentages so that they can buy the items.

My neighbor tells me about these things because we are close friends and I know that she also does it to get them off her chest. The housing problem continues to affect many people’s lives in Cuba. More than 50 years after the revolution began it’s still a critical issue. Why aren’t we looking for different alternatives for solving it, as was done with the sale of electrical appliances?



3 thoughts on “My Neighbor

  • They may think about a total renovation of their building materials industry , first. In my concern, it’s not a matter of how common people will afford for the materials, but how they could choose between different kinds and prices that they could afford.
    On the other hand, if the building material industry continues to be in the hands of the govenment, most of its production will continue to go to governmental institutions. Because there will always be an office-room to fix, or a school to build up.
    Local governments can estimulate the creation of small factories that produce, for example, the “red” bricks which are baked out of clay. And cement can mix up with other cheaper materials to be used in the insider walls of any building.
    But, anyway, all Cubans are aware of this. They have used their creativity power for a long time now. What they need are open minds that drop the current restrictions and allow the small business to flourish
    Why not to give credits to these small ” businesses’ too? And to have them agree upon the fines they will have to pay if they ignore the agreements?
    It is hard job, right? Yes, sure. Open-minded people work harder. That’s true.

    Reply
  • I?ve heard the MINCIN is studying measures to facilitate the distribution and selling of construction materials. It would be great to form new construction workers using the instructive videos like we teach anything else at schools now.

    Reply
  • It’s almost impossible to ‘build socialism’ on a shoestring, isn’t it? While over-centralization and bureaucracy are certainly important stumbling blocks to realizing this goal, and ‘small business’ is certainly some sort of interim ‘solution’, the real issue is democratic control over resources. And there doesn’t appear to be much of that in Cuba, from what I read. It’s ridiculous that there is production of vital material in Cuba that is not at least in part made widely — or not so widely — available in every town and neighborhood. When resources are allocated — they MUST be apportioned carefully and fairly. And with intelligence to boot: no point giving every would-be builder one brick and a teacupful of cement. Lets hope sister ALBA countries like Venezuela can quickly help make up the concrete & brick gap in Cuba.

    And the commentator who mentioned learning videos certainly has the right idea. A socialist society should be chock full of “how-to” videos — or DVDs — and not just ones on how to spend money on expensive equipment, either. There should be videos on e.g. how to run successful meetings, and how to tackle corruption, and how to do the account books of a neighborhood assembly, etc., etc. No end to possibilities there.

    Reply

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