Cuba to Host US Chamber of Commerce Leaders

By Wilfredo Cancio Isla*  (Café Fuerte)

Tom Donohue, president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
Tom Donohue, president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

HAVANA TIMES — The US Chamber of Commerce (USCC), one of the most powerful groups of political influence in the nation, will conduct a senior level trip to Cuba this month to explore the economic transformations undertaken by the government of Raul Castro.

Two members of the USCC, linked to the Cuba Working Group, confirmed that the trip will take place in May and that the delegation will be headed by Thomas J. Donohue, president of the organization and a strong supporter of lifting the US embargo on the island.

“The Chamber of Commerce is preparing this trip with a particularly keen interest in the economic and investment outlook in Cuba,” said a businessman who asked not to be identified. “I think it’s something that will have much impact in Washington.”

High Level Visit

The source said that in addition to Donohue the delegation will include American businessman Steve Van Andel, chairman of the board of directors of the giant Amway Corp. and current USCC vice president.

Crossing the avenue in Havana.  Photo: Juan Suárez
Crossing the avenue in Havana. Photo: Juan Suárez

Contacted by Diario Las Americas, Tyler Hernandez, director of communications for the USCC, declined to give details on the exact date of the visit.

The high level USCC trip to Cuba comes at a crucial time for the Cuban economy, eyeing a possible expansion of trade ties with the United States. The Cuban government has launched the Mariel Special Development Zone and is about to implement a new Foreign Investment Law, which takes effect in June.

According to the sources, the visitors have planned meetings with Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez, Minister of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment, Rodrigo Malmierca, and Orlando Hernandez Guillen, president of the Cuban Chamber of Commerce, plus a tour of the Mariel complex.

The trip to Havana has as a context an event organized by the Chamber’s Cuba Working Group of in Washington.

Cabañas will speak to the business leaders

On 20 May, Cuban Independence Day, there will be a special presentation at the USCC headquarters by Ricardo Zuniga, special assistant to President Barack Obama for Western Hemisphere Affairs at the National Security Council. A day later, on the same stage, Jose Ramon Cabañas, head of the Cuban Interests Section in Washington, is invited to speak.

The trip by the top USCC executives will be the first visit in more than a decade. In July 1999, during a three day stay in Havana, Donohue met with Cuban ministers and President Fidel Castro.

On that occasion, Donohue also spoke with representatives of a small sector of self-employed Cubans and predicted that a long road lay ahead to strengthen the private sector on the island.

“I suspect this will be more of a marathon than a short distance race,” Dohonue told reporters before leaving Havana on the trip 15 years ago.

And time proved him right. It was not until October 2010 that the Cuban government authorized more options for private work and three years later expanded the list of activities to 201. The official figure for self-employed workers is now 455,000 people (although it has not been made public how many of these have maintained their licenses).

Tourism would receive a big boost if the travel ban on US citizens was lifted by Washington.
Touristy Obispo St. Old Havana.  Photo: Juan Suarez

It is no coincidence that those who accompany Donohue represent corporations tied to two pillars of the reforms applied by Raul Castro: the self-employed sector and agricultural production.

Critical of the embargo

Cuba has been forced to implement a reduction of the state payroll by almost a million workers and advocate for increased agricultural production to alleviate the impact of food purchases abroad, amounting to more than US $2 billion annually.

However, sales of agricultural products from the US to Cuba continued to plummet in 2013, reaching $ 348.7 million dollars, the lowest figure in the last seven years in the limited bilateral trade relationship.

Donohue is a fervent supporter of radically changing the map of relations between Washington and Havana by lifting restrictions on US citizens travel and the embargo on the island.

“In the interests of the two countries, it is time to turn the page… The embargo has failed and we are at a time of change,” said the businessman during a hearing before the US House of Representatives Appropriations Committee in 2009.

The US Chamber of Commerce represents the interests of over 300,000 direct business partners, and about three million businesses through its affiliates in state and local chambers. It is the main stronghold of lobbying at Congress, with an annual budget of $ 136 million for such efforts, higher than all other lobbying groups in Washington.

*Published in Spanish by Diario Las Americas

32 thoughts on “Cuba to Host US Chamber of Commerce Leaders

  • May 22, 2014 at 7:51 am

    There is very little chance that the bulk of the Helms-Burton conditions will be met. The only things that would be negotiable are compensation for US companies and some of the rougher edges of the human rights issues, but then only on a quid pro quo basis. The US Chamber of Commerce know this as do the Brazilian government and companies involved with the Mariel Project. So the question is what are they doing in Cuba?

  • May 21, 2014 at 10:18 pm

    You are really naïve. Even the Castros know that the Port of Mariel works only if the embargo is lifted. I always marvel at what type of person actually believed that there would be a 10 million ton sugar harvest or that a super cow was possible. Even more recently, that the moringa plant would be the next superfood. The Castros depend on people like you to stay in power.

  • May 21, 2014 at 7:37 am

    Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela together would be over 330 mil plus all the other developing countries in the area.

  • May 20, 2014 at 10:23 pm

    I see your point given the wealth of nearby countries with populations of 330 million people with comparable purchasing power and production output similar to the US. There are lots of other countries that could take advantage of these supermax vessels. Sure, I get that.

  • May 20, 2014 at 5:50 pm

    There are many more countries around Cuba, and the US isn’t the only country in the world. Many others could use Mariel in Cuba as a hub for the consolidation of cargo.

  • May 20, 2014 at 1:52 pm

    The main thing is the Canadian economy is too small, and therefore the Canadian dollar lacks the necessary weight of a potential reserve currency.

    Other than that, the Canadian economy is doing rather well lately.

  • May 20, 2014 at 12:19 pm

    Well, I disagree. One thing is for sure. As long as the embargo is in place, no ship that is in Port Mariel can call on a US port for 6 months. So that kills the ‘unload in Cuba for re-shipment to the US’ theory, doesn’t it?

  • May 20, 2014 at 12:13 pm

    If there is no Castro as President and the other Helms-Burton conditions are met, I agree that lifting the embargo will be considered after Raul retires. Without a free media, without open multiparty elections, the stipulations set forth in Helms-Burton will not have been met. No US President wants to be the President who capitulated to Communist Cuba without significant concessions to US demands. In Vietnam, Clinton is credited with clarifying the fate of American prisoners of war and missing in action who had remained unaccounted for after the war.

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