Cuba’s Legislature Approves Constitutional Reforms

By Guillermo Nova (dpa)

Foto: cubadebate.cu

HAVANA TIMES – The Cuban Parliament approved Sunday the bill to reform the current Constitution, which will introduce the recognition of private property, the role of the market in the socialist economy, and opens the doors to same-sex marriage.

The 1976 Constitution only recognized state property and the agricultural cooperative, in addition to the ownership of housing and other assets, while now the new article will include “other forms of property such as cooperatives, mixed ownership and private property.”

The new text eliminates the goal of working for the “advance towards the communist society”, a topic that generated controversies among some deputies who considered that suppressing the text was losing the essence.

“This does not mean that we renounce our ideas, only that in our vision we think of a socialist, sovereign, independent, prosperous and sustainable country,” said Esteban Lazo, president of the National Assembly.

Lazo recalled that the context was different when the Constitution was approved in 1976, and “the world lived other situations.” In the 1990s there was “the destruction of the socialist camp and all the rest we already know”, in reference to the economic crisis that the country experienced as the “Special Period”.

The reformed constitution seeks to adapt the economic, political and social reality of Cuba and that of the international community, explained Secretary of the Council of State, Homero Acosta. Photo: Irene Perez, Cubadebate.

Despite the elimination of communism in the Constitution, the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) will continue to be recognized as the only legal entity in the country and will maintain its status as the “highest leading force in society and the State.”

The new text will also recognize the role of foreign investment for the growth of the national economy, seeking to transmit confidence to foreign entrepreneurs to invest in the island.

Cuban authorities have repeatedly acknowledged that they need to attract more than 2.5 billion dollars a year from foreign investments in order to for the national economy to grow.

One of the points that generated more debates was the modification of Article 68, which considered marriage between a man and a woman the only possibility, to replace it with a broader formula that talks about marriage between two people, in response to the demands of the LGTBI community (lesbian, gay, transgender, bisexual and intersex).

The change was approved without objection from the legislators who approved it Sunday. However, a proposal by deputy Mariela Castro, daughter of former President Raúl Castro, to change the final part of the article to make possible adoption by any married couple was not accepted.

The deputy proposed to delete the paragraphs in which the reproductive condition of marriage is explicit. “If you are saying that marriage has reproductive purposes, then all Cuban families must be guaranteed by the State the rights and ways to achieve these ends,” said Mariela Castro.

Mariela Castro

After more than two hours of debate, the deputies agreed to approve the same-sex marriage and leave the issue of adoptions for the drafting of the new Family Code.

The reformed constitution seeks to adapt the economic, political and social reality of Cuba and that of the international community, explained Secretary of the Council of State, Homero Acosta, an official of the highest confidence of Raúl Castro and who is the architect of institutional reforms on the island.

Once approved by the deputies, a process of popular consultations will take place in neighborhoods and businesses between August 13 and November 15. The start date was selected because it coincides with the day the former Cuban president Fidel Castro was born in 1926.

The current president, Miguel Diaz-Canel, encouraged the population to “freely express their opinions so that the text reflects today’s Cuba and the future of the country.”

When the debates are over, citizens will vote in a referendum to ratify the text, although there is no announced date yet. Then a period of one year opens to adapt norms in the Penal, Family and Civil Code to the future constitution.

7 thoughts on “Cuba’s Legislature Approves Constitutional Reforms

  • July 23, 2018 at 2:56 pm
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    Well, I’m happy for the gays and lesbians in Cuba. A long way from the concentration camps and the re-education camps for homosexuals. I hope thegays that were victims of the repression hold their breath waiting for a public apology from the dictatorship.

    Reply
    • July 25, 2018 at 4:49 pm
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      Let’s not be diverted by the religious right. Oppression in Cuba is not limited to gays and lesbians, the totalitarian communist state – WHOOPS! – socialist state, exerts power and control over all.
      John doesn’t sound like a Cuban, but refers to: “our culture” and ” the building block of society.” The society of Cuba is impoverished irrespective of sexual orientation. Are you a Cuban John?

      Reply
  • July 27, 2018 at 8:28 am
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    What about the currency ?

    Reply
    • July 29, 2018 at 12:07 pm
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      Time to read about sexuality! Even with cattle, there are natural differences determined by hormonal activity. For example if a cow gives birth to twins of different sexes (ie: one male calf and one ‘female’ calf) the female is infertile, known as a “free martin. Those with macho tendencies and hair on their chests, do not like to admit that there is a spectrum of sexuality,
      All this offends the US Religious Right ( or wrong), who believe that their God created everything and dismiss Darwin as a crank.
      In adopting Homosexuality and Lesbianism in the “new” constitution, the Communist regime hopes to distract the world at large from the fact that little else has changed and that their repression will continue.

      Reply
    • July 29, 2018 at 12:07 pm
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      Do you refer Tom to the two currencies?

      Reply
  • July 29, 2018 at 1:37 am
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    It’s not possible to make a male into a female, or a female into a male. Surgery, drugs, and hormones can create a femonized male, or a masculine female. The true gender is permanently locked-in at the moment of conception. All else is fiction, fantasy, and clever deception.

    Reply

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