Obama and Raul Castro dialogue: What’s next US-Cuba?

By Isaac Risco (dpa)

Raul Castro and Barack Obama at the Summit of the Americas. Photo: Estudios Revolución.

HAVANA TIMES — A “historic” gathering with an open ending, the Panama Summit will be remembered as the scenario in which the presidents of the United States and Cuba turned to dialogue, but it will be just one more stop on a long road.

“We are ready to discuss everything, but we have to be patient, very patient,” said the president of Cuba, Raul Castro, during his meeting with his US counterpart in Panama City.

Barack Obama also acknowledged that both parties will often “disagree”, but hoped they do so “with respect”.

Full normalization of relations between Washington and Havana will be a “long process, difficult and complex,” predicted Cuba Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez, when he appeared before the press to discuss the historical dialogue between Obama and Castro.

Despite the thaw between the two countries, “profound differences” persist that will not be easy to remedy. Even the planned reopening of embassies is without a date. Rodriguez could not even confirm when the fourth round of the negotiations who occur. The talks began in January.

The United States has not yet announced the removal of Cuba from its list of countries sponsoring terrorism, noted Rodriguez, which is currently seen as one of the main obstacles to the advancement of the diplomatic rapprochement.

In Panama there was speculation that Washington would announce the removal of Cuba from the “black list” during the days of the summit. The list, in effect since 1982, currently includes Iran, Sudan, Syria and Cuba. The White House said that the evaluation process has concluded, but the decision is not taken.

Raul Castro and Barack Obama dialogue at the Summit of the Americas in the presence of their delegations. Photo: Estudios Revolución

Obama attributed the inaction to a temporary issue. “I’ve been traveling and I want to make sure I have a chance to read it (evaluation),” he explained.

Rodriguez also called for a prompt solution to the problem faced by the Cuban Interests Section in Washington because no bank will handle its accounts, due to ramifications of the US embargo on the island. The building is destined to become the next Cuban Embassy.

Even when praising Obama for approving measures to ease the embargo, Rodriguez was critical: “Cuba appreciates the very limited steps taken by the US government,” he said.

But Washington has repeatedly stressed since it began diplomatic negotiations with the Castro administration that it will continue to support Cuban dissidents. “Our governments will continue to have differences,” Obama noted in Panama.

Before his first greeting with Castro at the summit, the US President even received two Cuban dissidents, along with 13 other civil society activists from around the continent. The anti-Castro opponents had participated in the civil society forum that took place in the days before the summit, in which there were several incidents between Castro supporters and dissidents.

Raul Castro and Barack Obama on April 11, 2015, at the Summit of the Americas in Panama.

“Nobody thought that decades of mistrust and suspicion were going to disappear overnight,” said Michael Shifter of the Washington Inter-American Dialogue think tank before the summit.

Full normalization of relations with Cuba in the region itself will be a difficult task. To date, Havana refuses to return to the Organization of American States (OAS), despite the body lifting six years ago its 1962 sanctions against Cuba.

The government of Raul Castro rejects the OAS, traditionally seeing it as an “instrument of domination” of Washington in the region.

“Rapprochement, if any, will occur in the coming years, through other UN agencies,” predicted the outgoing OAS general secretary, José Miguel Insulza, in a conversation with dpa in Panama.

The new secretary, Luis Almagro, said he expects to achieve the return of Cuba during his mandate.

21 thoughts on “Obama and Raul Castro dialogue: What’s next US-Cuba?

  • April 20, 2015 at 2:54 pm

    Mr Bego,

    I lived 48 years in Cuba, and I know it from east to west and from the top to the bottom of the society. You do not have an idea about the country but talk about from hearsay.

  • April 17, 2015 at 8:56 pm

    Remittances from the US far exceed remittances from all over the entire world combined, not just Spain. The US did not destroy Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia destroyed Yugoslavia. Cuban food is not all organic. And you want to talk about brainwashing and propaganda? Do you really live in Cuba? Finally, let don’t eat garbage. You Castro guys are piece of work! Hahaha!

  • April 17, 2015 at 4:52 pm

    Well said! Cuba did well on its’ own and proved the strength of Cuban unity against the usa and its’ criminals. Cuba can and will continue on its’ own path. The only option left to usa is to follow or be abandoned by all of its’ current allies, who seem to be flocking to Cuba from the region like bees to the spring flowers full of nectar.

    After all, that is what Cuba is. ANd it will NEVER belong to the usa. Soon Guantanamo will be returned to the mother country – CUBA – as well, and Cuba will be whole and stronger than ever.

    Unlike the fat, burger-eating criminals from the north.
    You know the song: yankee go home.

  • April 17, 2015 at 4:47 pm

    You obviously haven’t. So don’t be pretentious and patronising.

  • April 17, 2015 at 4:46 pm

    You are right. Your comment is a looney comment. Cuba needs usa like fish needs a dry land. And, oh by the way, the most of the remittances come from Spain, and Europe, not from the usa. So it is NOT the usa that keeps Cuba afloat. It is tourism industry and Cubans in Spain, and Europe.

    I am Yugoslav and live in Cuba since usa destroyed Yugoslavia in 1993. I could not be happier here. It’s a beautiful, peaceful and very safe country. Yes, a lot of things are missing, but we have our neighbours and friends. We are all in the same boat and we all help each other. The life is simple, fresh and the food is all organic. No commercial propaganda on TV. Just relaxing and educative programs.

    Unlike your capitalist propaganda brainwashing you 24/7. No wonder people in Cuba live longer than people in the usa. Or any of the “developed” “democracies”. And garbage that you eat.

    None of that sheet in Cuba. Stay away.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *