By Michael Ritchie
HAVANA TIMES — I make no secret of, nor apologies for, my admiration of Fidel Castro’s Cuban Revolution. The ultimate victory of a handful of heroic rebels— many unarmed at first — over dictator Fulgencio Batista’s army, consisting of 37,000 troops, as well as tanks and Mig fighter jets, can be called nothing less than admirable.
Echoing through the Sierra Maestra still today one can hear names such as Raul Castro, Che Guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos, Frank Pais and Vilma Espín, among many others just as valiant.
A testament to their victory, and to the memory of Cuban national hero, Jose Marti, stands in the center of Havana, in Vedado — Plaza de la Revolución (Revolution Square).
As a life-long student of the Revolution, the Plaza was the one site I wanted most to visit in Havana. It was not until my second visit, which coincided with International Workers Day, (Primero de Mayo), that I finally arrived at Revolution Square. Only problem, 600,000 other people arrived at the same time!
It was, after all, May Day— and I had really come to see that as well as the Plaza. But my cab could only get a short way down the Paseo before we found the road blocked by uniformed young revolutionary guards. So I had to walk at least a mile before getting close to the actual Square. Entering was impossible. Both sides of the eight-lane highway were filled with revelers. I was able to see the iconic 358-foot, gray-white marble tower, but that was it.
Still, as the Paseo was lined with huge loudspeakers, I could hear a number of inspirational speakers, including President Raul Castro. And I got some great photos.
My religious/revolutionary experience would have to wait until my next visit, which came in July.
A fiery sun was rising over Revolution Square and a giant 60-foot, gray-white marble statue of Jose Marti stared down pensively at what is basically a giant parking lot. I stared at it for a long while and remembered the words of his poem about Cuba’s constant struggle for independence:
I Have a White Rose to Tend (Cultivo Una Rosa Blanca)
I have a white rose to tend
In July as in January;
I give it to the true friend
Who offers his frank hand to me.
And for the cruel one whose blows
Break the heart by which I live,
Thistle nor thorn do I give:
For him, too, I have a white rose.
No wonder Marti is often referred to as the Apostle of the Cuban Revolution.
He visited Key West, where I now reside, on a number of occasions and gave speeches in hope of raising money for Cuba’s fight for independence from Spain.
One of his speeches was presented from the balcony of a local residence, which was later named in his honor: La Terraza de Marti. In later years, in an act of typical Key West heresy, it was turned into a restaurant/hotel named La-Te-Da, which now presents drag shows.
Back to the Square. Across from the Marti statue and its towering memorial stand two imposing government office buildings, the Ministry of the Interior (MININT) and the Ministry of Communications.
Adorning the facade of the Communications building is a huge steel sculpture of Fidel Castro’s good friend and confidant, Camilo Cienfuegos. Beneath his giant bust, sculpted in his Camilo’s own handwriting, are the words, “Vas bien, Fidel” (You’re doing fine, Fidel). The words were spoken in response to a question his Commandante en Jefe had asked him regarding a victory speech he was giving in 1959. Vas bien, Fidel.
The Ministry of the Interior building hosts another steel sculpture, perhaps one of the most famous in the world, that of Argentine guerilla fighter and Cuban hero Ernesto Che Guevara. During his visit to Havana, US President Barack Obama even posed to have his photo taken in front of the Che sculpture. I won’t comment on whether or not Che would have approved.
Beneath Che’s likeness are the words “Hasta la Victoria siempre” (Toward victory always).
Also in the MININT building is Guevara’s office, which remains today as it was when he left it. The public, however, is not allowed entrance.
There’s a great story regarding Guevara which allegedly occurred in a meeting Fidel held shortly after his victorious march into Havana. It was an organizational meeting, setting up the new Socialist government of Cuba. Who was to head the Interior Department, the Judicial, etcetera. Surrounded by his top commanders, he handed out assignments, one by one. When the question of banks arose, Fidel told the assembled group, “We need an economist. Anyone here an economist?”
Che waved his hand excitedly in response.
“Okay, Che, you’re in charge of banking,” Fidel told him.
Following the meeting, a quizzical Che approached Fidel and wondered, “Why did you appoint me to head banking?”
“I asked for an economist,” Fidel replied.
“Oh,” Che said, “I thought you said communist!”
Thus Che became the head of Cuba’s new banking system.
I hope the story is true because it is so like Che. I should ask Havana Times contributor Elio Delgado-Legon. He is a true revolutionary and would know. (I always enjoy reading his column.)
In the Plaza, you can tour a visitor’s center and go to the top of the memorial for a paltry two CUCs. (The day I was there it was closed due to the presence of some visiting Spanish dignitaries.) If you wander toward the rear of the tower you’ll be whistled at and warned by a docent that you are not allowed to wander there. Just military secrets back there, I suppose.
There is a feeling of being in the presence of greatness in la Plaza de la Revolución. There are also a lot of uniformed soldiers guarding military installations adjacent to the square. One is aware of being watched. For me, that was comforting.