Obama’s Contradictory Policies with Cuba and Venezuela

Jesús Arboleya  (Progreso Weekly)

Plaza Venezuela in Caracas.  Photo: Caridad
Plaza Venezuela in Caracas. Photo: Caridad

HAVANA TIMES — Much bewilderment has been caused by the US government’s decision to declare Venezuela “an extraordinary threat to the national security of the United States” and to impose sanctions on several functionaries from that country while, at the same time, it makes prodigious efforts to reestablish diplomatic relations with Cuba, its historical adversary in the region.

It had appeared that one of the objectives of the United States policy toward Cuba was to save the Summit of the Americas, set for Panama April 10-11, an objective threatened by the unanimous rejection of the other countries to the island’s exclusion.

Once that obstacle were cleared, perhaps Obama hoped to strut through the conference hall, not letting some reproaches mar an image much in need of repair, which the new policy toward Cuba was giving him.

However, all that went downhill when the United States dropped the “bomb” of the alleged Venezuelan threat, and it seems that no one can rightly explain the reasons. Not even the very US government, which has only said that it’s a “legal formality” to stress its concerns regarding the internal situation in that country. According to them, it’s not worthwhile to exaggerate, because 30 other countries are in the same situation.

It is difficult for any Latin American and Caribbean country to accept the meddlesome terms of the US statement against Venezuela. That’s what most governments and political movements in the region have said. Even the most tepid ones have opted to remain silent, but no one has dared to support it.

Regional institutions such as UNASUR, ALBA and CARICOM have voiced their condemnation of President Obama’s executive order and proposed a dialogue between the parties, a solution that Venezuela accepts as good but that the US has not commented on.

Not even much of the Venezuelan right has been able to support Washington’s statement and the corresponding sanctions. They even complain that, because of it, plans have been aborted that needed discretion on the part of the US, contributing to strengthen the credibility of the Venezuelan government before its people and the rest of the world.

Inside US society, a majority of the press, several think tanks and specialists on Latin America have deemed the president’s executive order to be counterproductive, at the very least. While Obama wanted to show his political enemies that he was strong, instead he underlined the inconsistencies that have characterized his administration. The truth is that not even the new policy toward Cuba needs to attempt that kind of defense.

A sure result is that, whatever the intentions of the US government may be, the agenda of the next Summit of the Americas has already been written and the main topics for discussion will be the end of the threats to Venezuela and the lifting of the blockade against Cuba.

Even assuming that some countries will distance themselves from the majority because of US pressure, the US runs the risk that the crisis may extend to the already questioned operation of the OAS, endangering the very existence of the Pan-American system, through which it has articulated its hegemony in the continent.

By all the means in its power, Cuba has made clear its solidarity with Venezuela, as well as its will not to be “seduced or bought” by the United States or abandon its allies. That stance casts doubt onto the possibility of reestablishing diplomatic relations with the US before the Summit and at the very least alters the rhythm of the process of negotiation in which Obama has invested so much political capital and has earned considerable support at home and abroad.

The moral is that the implementation of the United States’ policy is conditioned by such diverse and contradictory interests that often it becomes difficult to understand its actions. That explains why failed policies for the nation bring formidable business for some consortiums; the existence of a polarized political body when it should be homogeneous; and the irrationality of a policy that tends to destroy the international order where the US is the dominant power.

In my opinion, we’re looking at a game that the US has lost because of a bad play. All that’s left to the US president is to begin another game in the hope that he will act more sensibly. In any case, he won’t be able to strut in Panama, where he can expect the contempt that he has earned.


16 thoughts on “Obama’s Contradictory Policies with Cuba and Venezuela

  • March 22, 2015 at 8:17 pm
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    USA is people from all nations.

  • March 21, 2015 at 2:14 pm
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    The human rights and drug running charges used to be standard issue also from the U.S. against Cuba in the not-so-distant past.
    It’s bullshit.
    It’s all part of the demonization of a country or a government that the U.S. government does to justify its future subversion and invasion of that country.
    The U.S. has committed over 70 interventions of this type since WWII ended and to think or state that it has no part in the ongoing turmoil in Venezuela is to be either ignorant of the past U.S. foreign policies or to deliberately ignore them to attempt to make a point that anyone knowledgeable with history would not attempt sober.
    ,

  • March 20, 2015 at 5:21 pm
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    The more the State takes control of economy in Venezuela the worse it will get. Maduro has for his own reasons thrown nothing but stones at Obama. What help should he now expect ? Obama is working on a deal with Iran and Cuba, so he will deal. The problem is Maduro.

  • March 20, 2015 at 9:37 am
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    Don’t worry about it too much, dani. You’re talking with people who are far to gone to have any chance at being open minded and unbiased. They’re the type that will always see what they want to see when they look at the clouds in the sky. They’re too self absorbed and arrogant to understand that they can’t, nor should they be able to, control the world for their profit with impunity. Obama is in for a very rude awaking on April 11th…along with the rest of the American hypocritical self-righteous.

  • March 20, 2015 at 8:21 am
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    Ok, John Goodrich ….whatever you say

  • March 20, 2015 at 8:20 am
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    While I do not share your fear of US Marines landing on Venezuelan shores, I am obliged to respect them. OK, so pass your UNASUR and ALBA resolutions. Now, do you feel safèr?

  • March 20, 2015 at 8:19 am
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    Obama did say exactly that.

    Here’s a link the White House website and a fact sheet on the President’s Executive Order. I suggest your read it, then you can discuss the actual facts of the issue, and not the whipped up frenzy about a non-existant US threat to invade Venezuela:

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/03/09/fact-sheet-venezuela-executive-order

    Nowhere in the EO does Obama mention, imply or threaten any sort of military action against Venezuela. The insistence by some people that the US is claiming Venezuela is a military threat to the US, and that the US is threatening to invade Venezuela is an intentional distraction from the real and serious content of the EO.

    Maduro, Raul and all their sycophants are running around whining about US threats because they do no want people to stop and read the actual text of the Executive Order, where they will learn about the drug trafficking and systematic human rights abuses committed by officials of the corrupt and criminal Venezuelan government.

    Here are a few other pertinent statements from the White House:

    Statement by the Press Secretary on Venezuela: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/03/09/statement-press-secretary-venezuela?amp

    Letter from Barack Obama on the subject of his EO:

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/03/09/letter-declaration-national-emergency-respect-venezuela

    Background Conference Call on the President’s Executive Order on Venezuela: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/03/09/background-conference-call-presidents-executive-order-venezuela

    Executive Order – Blocking Property and Suspending Entry of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Venezuela

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/03/09/executive-order-declaration-national-emergency-respect-venezuela

    I recommend everybody who is sincerely interested in the situation in Venezuela read the information at the links.

  • March 20, 2015 at 8:05 am
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    My comments on that article are that Mexico is a terribly corrupt country. The drug cartels are destroying the society. Politicians have either been corrupted or bought out by the cartels, or they are impotent to do anything about it.

    Some officials are trying to fight the cancer, as the recent arrests of several senior crumblier bosses shows. Also, several Mexican government officials have been arrested, including 14 police officers and a senior police commander, on charges of kidnapping & torture.

    So I would explain the reason why the US government has not sanctioned Mexican officials is because the Mexican government is seriously trying to tackle the problem.

    That is in contrast to Venezuela, where the Maduro government is up to it’s neck in the corruption, and far from trying to stop it, they are engaged in drug trafficking.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_drug_trade_in_Venezuela

    In fact, the Venezuelan government has been accused of working with the Mexican drug cartels, providing a link between the narco-terorists FARC and the Mexican cartels and even with Hezbollah, the Lebanese Shia terrorist organization. In addition to drugs, their business involves weapons and money laundering.

    http://colombiareports.co/venezuela-houses-farc-and-hezbollah-drug-lord/

    In January 2015, a former bodyguard to Diosdado Cabello, the powerful president of congress and a leader of Venezuela’s military wing, defected to the U.S. to cooperate with officials investigating drug-trafficking.

    Leamsy Salazar, who had previously worked for late President Hugo Chávez’s security detail, is currently in Washington, where he is expected to provide witness testimony implicating Mr. Cabello in organizing cocaine-smuggling operations controlled by Venezuela’s military.

    http://www.wsj.com/articles/top-venezuelan-bodyguard-defects-to-u-s-1422406536

    Considering the timing, it’s a sure bet that Salazar’s testimony has been helpful for the US and has a lot to do with these sanctions on Venezuelan officials.

  • March 20, 2015 at 7:04 am
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    Obama didn’t say a “potential” threat. He said “…constitutes an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and
    foreign policy of the United States”. I didn’t say “imminent” US invasion I said implied “threat” to invade (or some other kind of military action). If Obama meant to say “we are worried about the political and economic situation in Venezuela and the potential destabilizing effect in the region” well then that’s what he should have said.

  • March 19, 2015 at 7:57 pm
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    Think about what you are saying. The US, by declaring the policies and practices of the Maduro regime as a potential national security threat decided to sanction a handful of Venezuelan thugs. You say this implies an imminent US invasion? Really? BTW, US interest in Venezuelan oil is declining as the US continues to grow energy independent based on shale oil.

  • March 19, 2015 at 4:58 pm
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    I think everyone in Latin America sees it as an implied threat. Sure Maduro etc are going to make the most of it, but just shows how stupid the remark was. I haven’t heard any clarification of the misunderstanding so not wilfully ignoring nor seen any reference to your interpretation – but again if it needs clarifying then it shows the nature of the remark.

    But I would like to hear you comment on this article http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-29069860 and explain why Mexican officials haven’t been sanctioned by the US.

  • March 19, 2015 at 12:44 pm
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    Obama should treat Cuba as the dictatorship it is and Maduro as the “wannabee” dictators he is.
    Fortunately Venezuelans still have the opportunity to set things right in elections. Even that is denied to Cubans.

  • March 19, 2015 at 12:44 pm
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    Hi Dani,

    Obama is no imbecile and the terminology does not imply a threat of invasion. I understand why Maduro, the Castro’s and others want to ring the alarm bell. They want to distract attention from the fact these sanctions Venezuelan officials are accused of human rights abuses and drug running, amongst other crimes.

    Several US officials have already spoken to clarify the misunderstanding. You can ignore the explanation if you chose. However, in a few weeks, or months at most, we will find out what the President is talking about, when the Venezuelan economy collapses.

    True, the US did have a hand in the coup against Chavez, but at this point, they don’t have to do anything to bring about the end of the Maduro government. The bus driver is handling that well enough on his own.

    Bluesky…

    The US is interested in Venezuelan oil, very true, and they already buy it. In fact, the US is Venezuela’s biggest customer. Do you know who else has a very serious interest in Venezuela’s oil? Cuba. Raul Castro knows that if the supply of free oil from Venezuela is cut off, his regime is screwed. That’s why Maduro is backed up by the Cuban MININT.

  • March 19, 2015 at 11:35 am
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    I don’t buy this at all Griffin .You are grasping at straws.If the US was really concerned about the economy of Venezuela ,they should try and help them out and not go for regime change as standard practice for any country that dares to try and take care of their own people.The US is interested in Venezuela because of it’s resource mostly ,it’s oil is what we are talking about and the privatization of same, so that their corporate masters can control it.
    Cuba , in spite of the criminal sanctions against it ,has survived and although I did not suffer the consequences of those sanctions,I am very proud of Cuba and it’s people for having persevered and won to tell you the truth ,over what amounts to very poor statesmanship on the part of the US establishment. Criminal is what I would call it.
    The US has been trying to destabilize Venezuela for years.The coup against it ,attempted in 2002 ,is now well established historically and they will not quit trying to do it again.It is about the Munroe doctrine ,all about the US doing whatever it desires to anyone it considers as not acting to the benefit of the US .
    IMHO it is an empire now in decline ,as the world is waking up to the shenanigans of the yankee .No longer ,if it ever was,so exceptional ,except in their own minds.

  • March 19, 2015 at 10:44 am
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    Even that doomsday scenario isn’t exactly a threat to national security of the US. If it was then most of Latin America at one time or another would have been as well. In fact Obama is acting like an imbecile, using a term that implies a threat of invasion by the US.

    The government and opposition in Venezuela have both been guilty of violence which was brought on by the opposition refusing to accept the election results. Where there have been abuses on the government side the perpetrators have been sanctioned already. If the US has evidence then they should publish it.

    Anyone looking objectively at the situation would ask why hasn’t he sanctioned ministers in Honduras or Mexico, but we all know that it is a purely political decision. Just when Obama was gaining respect in the region he goes and completely blows it.

  • March 19, 2015 at 9:45 am
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    Venezuela is seen as a threat to national security because the economy is on the verge of collapse. When that happens, the social & political systems of the country, already strained and frayed, will also collapse. In the ensuing chaos, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelan refugees will swamp the borders of her neighbours.

    Perhaps at that point, the other countries of South America will understand what President Obama was talking about.

    Cuba is rallying behind Maduro because without the steady supply of free Venezuelan oil, Cuba’s economy will be wrecked as well. That too will lead to an increase in refugees arriving at America’ shores.

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