The Army in a Post Communist Party Cuba

The Cuba I wish for (4)

By Repatriado

“What is military service? The State exercizing an act of property over its citizens.” Pierre Joseph Proudhon


HAVANA TIMES — Compulsory Military Service is a social arrogance, a democratic perversion and there is no rational justification for society, as a whole, to decide to force someone to spend a period of time serving as a soldier, even when the majority decide that its right. A real democracy has limits, it isn’t a dictatorship of the majority.

Freedom is an innate human quality which comes before the creation of States, even though people do give up a part of their freedom for the sake of living together as a society. However, military service should be voluntary because the State has no right to take away what it hasn’t given, just as individual citizens have no right to exercize their freedom if it restricts another person’s freedom. My freedom ends where my neighbor’s begins.

Anyone will agree that national sovereignty is the only justification for having and upholding an army. But, national sovereignty isn’t an absolute, ensuring people’s rights isn’t a natural imperative, it’s a social convention and, therefore, as a convention, it will always be open to discussion and reconsiderations.

The fact that both sovereignty and State are both symbolic constructs which there are many debates about, including differences in approach, just goes to prove that they are both relative concepts.

Let’s explore some of these views.

Some people prefer “to sink at sea”(1) before losing sovereignty and they are terrified to see our flag flying next to another and ask “our dead to raise their arms”(2) to defend it and are willing to kill to hold onto power, because this is what sovereignty is, power, or rather the place where power is exercized.

Other people would put other religious principles before this, such as “thou shalt not kill” and will refuse to defend national sovereignty at the expense of human life.

Others will be pragmatic and sit down and do a cost-benefit analysis to decide whether it’s better to protect sovereignty or not or whether it’s in their best interests to take over another sovereignty.

It’s important to place completely inalienable values on this ladder of priorities, such as life and freedom, and those “useful” constructs, which people love but have been socially conceived, which can’t be implemented if these violate the abovementioned, such as equality, democracy or nationality for example.

Thus, defending national sovereignty by the use of an army is a legitimate option, but it isn’t the only one: not defending it or annexing it are just as legitimate.

Personally-speaking, I would like a Cuba without an Army, not because I’m a pacifist (which I happen to be), but rather because the Cuban army will be absolutely useless in the face of a US attack, which is where the attack would come from in theory (I don’t think anyone is expecting Panama to invade).

If we spent the next hundred years dedicating our national budget exclusively to buying and developing military technology, we would still be insignificant when compared to the US Army, so why bother? Wouldn’t it be much better to dedicate these efforts and resources to achieving objectives which are really helpful?

How much do all the Army’s weapons, military facilities and resources amount to, today? Wouldn’t it be better to sell all of that and dedicate those resources, as well as what the National Budget allocates to it, to something productive?

Even so, I respect the choice people have to keep an army, however, I would propose that they are consistent with their decision and uphold it by enlisting themselves for a Voluntary Military Service and pay a special tax which would be the only money the Government would have to keep this militia going.

Of course, contributing to this force wouldn’t imply any legal privilege and contributions made won’t be deduced from general tax charges. The army these people contribute to, voluntarily, will always be State property, while it exists.

I believe that this is the way we can protect the freedom of those people who want an army, while they are able to finance it themselves, and also the freedom of those who don’t ever want to form a part of this machine because of different reasons.

In any case, every Cuban citizen’s right to freedom needs to come first in the Cuba I wish for, which might resemble the Cuba you wish for.

1 from a Pablo Milanes song

2 from a Bonifacio Byrne poem

12 thoughts on “The Army in a Post Communist Party Cuba

  • May 30, 2018 at 8:38 am

    a very fine and accurate description of the Cuban reality

  • May 29, 2018 at 1:38 pm

    Cubans don have the dilemma you outline between freedom or death, what we could say here is something like “give me totalitarianism or give me death”, maybe some Americans can say that because they feel they are free, many of we don´t feel that.

    In any case political freedom is not enough reason to make me desire to go to war, I don’t care if the president of Cuba rules from Plaza de la Revolución, the White House, Kremlin or La Zarzuela, it is not a good reason to kill or to die.

    I agree that the main defence to stop an invasion of Cuba is international response, more reason to get rid of the army.

  • May 29, 2018 at 11:53 am

    Despite the meddling history of the US in the Americas from the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 onwards, I don’t think that the independence of Cuba is under any threat – unless it be economic by China.
    The possibility of some form of insurrection from within is almost less than minimal. Few weapons other than machetes are available to the populace and the regime has the power of the military, MININT and the police.
    The only hope for political change lies within that communist weakness – dictatorship. Only one person can have that ultimate power. Under the Castro brothers who that was was not questionable, but following the death of Raul – which despite his apparently good health is likely to occur within five or six years, there is potential for an internal battle for that ultimate position of power.
    On the surface it would appear that Diaz-Canel as Presidential appointee by Raul Castro is a shoe-in, but there are others with the thirst for power and control and they may well create internal confusion within the PCC which could lead to political change.
    As an addendum Ken, yes, China did have hundreds of thousands of troops in Korea. China has by far the largest number of troops of any nation, with North Korea itself having well over a million – some 400,000 more than Russia.
    Repatriado is I think correct in addressing the psyche of the Cuban population. Almost sixty years of censorship, repression and indoctrination have affected the thinking of the average Cuban. There is a creeping sense of resignation with only a vague underlying hope for some kind of change. Hence that teacher (with a doctorate in education) and teaching at a pre-university school, saying to me that there was only hope for change in those students who manage to leave Cuba.

  • May 29, 2018 at 10:09 am

    First, let me respond to your last point. You present us with a stark choice. Fight for independence, but lose 25% of your population. I expect some Cubans will agree with you and others will agree with the American patriot who said, “Give me liberty or give me death.”
    I’ll grant your point that Cuba is closer and less of a logistical challenge. And I’ll grant your point that China and the USSR gave some support to North Vietnam. (And China actually had troops in Korea).
    But I do recall hearing that the arms the USSR gave to North Vietnam were less sophisticated and powerful than the arms they gave to Egypt. American warplanes were able to fly over North Vietnam with comparatively few losses.
    In the end, it is a question of international solidarity. An invasion of Cuba would be met with a fierce response internationally leading to high political costs for the US. This factor must enter their calculations.

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