Photo feature by Elio Delgado Valdes
HAVANA TIMES — Was Milton Hershey an idealist, a socialist or simply a person who knew how to run a business? The truth is that this US citizen didn’t act like most foreign businesspeople did in Cuba, exploiting their workers unconcerned with how miserably they lived.
In 1916, Milton Hershey came to Cuba in search of conditions for producing the sugar needed for his chocolate factories in the United States.
Near Santa Cruz del Norte, in what’s today Mayabeque Province, he bought a small mill that he expanded, and he later built a larger one. Eventually he would become the owner of several plants in Cuba, but he gave a name to the first one: Hershey.
At the Hershey mill, he applied his theory that people work best when they feel the most comfortable. Consequently he built homes for many of his workers, a health clinic, a pharmacy, a supermarket and all of the other amenities of an urban community – including a school, a school for orphans and children’s playground.
Hershey also built an electric railway — which still works today, running between Havana and Matanzas — to transport those workers who lived far from the mill and to transport sugar to the ports.
The community later changed its name to Camilo Cienfuegos, but there still exist vestiges of what was unquestionably an idea of social progress. One can see in this photo feature some of the houses of the time, now refurbished, as well as some of the mechanical devices used in the construction of that original community.
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