Raul Castro’s Latest Speech

Credit Where Credit Is Due

Armando Chaguaceda

Fidel y Raúl Castro en la reunión de la Asamblea Nacional de Cuba el 24 de febrero, 2013. Photo: granma.cubaweb.cu

HAVANA TIMES — Taxi drivers and “informal workers” — acute chroniclers of everyday life — often surprise us with their keen grasp for what mumbo-jumbo academic explanations miss completely.

A week ago, a shoe shiner in central Mexico recognized my accent and asked me, “Hey, are you Cuban?” After acknowledging that I was, he added, “Well then Cuban, this old man is more sensible than the other one… right?”

As the reader will quickly suspect, in mentioning these “old men,” the worker was referring to Raul and Fidel Castro – the octogenarian figures who have led the Cuban government for the past 54 years. This also related to news about “Cubans now being able to travel, sell their homes and start businesses,” which is covered daily by more than one media source – as well as in discussions in streets all around the world.

His description of a “more sensible” Raul was still going around in my mind when I viewed the recent videos of the formation of the new (?) Cuban National Assembly. There’s little to add to the sharp analyses of the background and the implications of the changes announced on February 24 (provided by recognized experts such as Rafel Rojas (in Spanish) and Haroldo Dilla). But I’d like to focus on the speech by the Cuban president after he won his expected reelection.

It wasn’t a speech with any big surprises. As was natural, Raul again reminded the audience that his mission “isn’t to install capitalism,” and he closed his speech by repeating the subversive concept of revolution penned by his older brother.

It was also normal for him to devote a few words of encouragement and praise to his Venezuelan partners, who sustain the island’s economy and are allies of Cuban foreign policy.

Nonetheless, I think it’s the worth noting a few of the other topics in Raul’s speech.

Firstly, all of his speech was aimed at highlighting the growing importance of institutionalism, laws and procedures prescribed for the generational “change of guard” in the island’s leadership. It could be argued (rightly so) that this is a model for succession within the PCC monopoly and for the elite that has been in control for decades.

Still, the announcement of term and age limits points to the rise of a new leadership, which will inevitably bring changes to the country’s political direction.

Furthermore, all those who recall the highly personalized management style of Fidel — and the consequent dislocation of roles and institutions — will agree: It’s always better to rotate the leadership and to limit their time in office than to have a mode of governance where personal whims determine government policy, with no checks or balances.

Placing an age limit on leaders is, in my opinion, less important. Perhaps today it will serve as a message to the country’s doddering leadership concerning their own retirement. On the other hand, if we take into consideration that we’re an aging population, I don’t think that’s the heart of the matter.

What are needed are young people (or old ones) with young, democratic and unifying ideas. I say this because a seasoned and elderly Mandela is always preferable to any of the “Taliban” hardliners of Cuba’s Young Communist League (UJC).

The same goes for the call for greater racial and gender presence in the National Assembly. Their participation will be of value only to the degree they express the specifics of those segments of the population – not if they operate like mere figurines, diluted in the tide of unanimous votes.

In conclusion, I was struck by two final things: Raul’s acknowledgement that the calls to accelerate changes weren’t just the result of people with ill intentions, and that he didn’t repeat the usual insults aimed at dissident groups.

His doing such things doesn’t mean he has awakened, imbued with the spirit of Martin Luther King. But, it does express his interest in focusing his last energies on the strategic battle to construct a regulated, effective, structured order.

This will mean constructing institutionalism, giving it legal foundation (through the Constitution) and endorsing it with popular legitimacy (by way of a referendum).

In the end, no one should be hopeful that we’re on the threshold of the current regime’s democratization (liberal, socialist or any other color). That will only come from necessarily increasing pressure and demands made by citizens.

However to ignore the fact that these changes are preparing a better scenario for everyone — including the elite themselves and their heirs — would be to commit a serious blunder.

In the transition from state socialism to authoritarianism, opportunities are being created so that social diversity can be increasingly expressed in its political, manifestations – either spontaneously, as a movement, organized or institutionally. 

Therefore, we’ll have to weigh the recent Raulist statements recalling the proverbial biblical statement: “To Caesar, what Caesar is due.”

 

Armando Chaguaceda

Armando Chaguaceda: My curriculum vitae presents me as a historian and political scientist. I'm from an unclassifiable generation who collected the achievements, frustrations and promises of the Cuban Revolution and now resists on the island or contributes through numerous websites, trying to remain human without dying in the attempt.


7 thoughts on “Raul Castro’s Latest Speech

  • March 5, 2013 at 7:18 pm
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    The Cuban experiment teaches us how not to conceptualize or implement an authentic socialist transformation, in the US or any other country.

  • March 5, 2013 at 12:47 pm
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    “…you worship your own ego, and this paralyzes your ability to think clearly… You may not understand it, due to your mind-clouding ego”

    You’re projecting again, Grady….

  • March 5, 2013 at 7:29 am
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    In the spring of 2003, your ‘great individual’ Fidel Castro ordered the arrest and imprisonment of 75 Cubans who dared to disagree with his regime. This list included writers, doctors, librarians, a bike repair worker, journalists and my in-law cousin who practiced law in Havana. You make call the Black Spring simply a ‘well-intentioned mistake’. Amnesty International called it tyranny.

  • March 5, 2013 at 12:12 am
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    Your view to them may be a product of the fact that you, your wife and in-laws have first-hand experience with the failures of the state monopoly perversion. Your first-hand embitterment however does not prove that Fidel and Raul were corrupted by a lust for power, or that the problems flowing from their formula for socialist construction were due to any personal corruption of these two leaders.

    Socialism in Cuba has led the country into a blind alley, but this has been due to the poisonous line in the Communist Manifesto which says, with pseudo-scientific bluster, that a future socialist state would have to concentrate “all” the instruments of production in its hands.

    When this concentration was implemented in Cuba by 1968, destroying the small bourgeoisie and delivering them into the arms of the counter-transformation and imperialism, Cuba’s downward spiral was set in motion.

    It has now taken four decades plus for this stupidity to all but ruin the revolution, and even the leadership now admits that they did not know what the hell they were doing.

    But you impute the problems of the revolution to the personal ambitions of Fidel and Raul, and this simply is an error. You have made an error, and will not even consider that you could possible be wrong.

    Your intellectual problem seems to be, Moses, that you worship your own ego, and this paralyzes your ability to think clearly about events in Cuba.

    The problems engendered in Cuba have come from a defective economic and social theory and program, not from the person lust for power of Fidel and Raul. You may not understand it, due to your mind-clouding ego, but that is the truth.

    Fidel Castro is one of the great individuals of history, in spite of his well-intentioned mistakes. Nothing you, or others like you, can say or do will ever change it.

  • March 4, 2013 at 4:18 pm
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    Grady, if only the Castros were as noble as you. While I deeply disagree with you plan for a socialist paradise, I respect the fact that you have stayed true to your cause. Fidel, and by association, Raul, do not merit your adulation. They may have, at one time, held equally lofty ideals but they quickly replaced any such unselfishness with a narcissistic aim to preserve and expand their power. For the Casros, it is not about perfecting socialism, it is about keeping power.

  • March 4, 2013 at 1:58 pm
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    I tend to look at the future possibilities for Cuban socialism by recalling how fundamental change occurred in China. Mao clung to his state monopoly economic formula until his death. Then, those within the Party who were waiting for a chance to make fundamental changes, carried out a coup against the so-called “Gang of Four,” and turned the country in a new direction.

    While this direction has serious draw-backs–which ultimately might mean the loss of socialist state power–still, it relieved the absurd constipation of state monopoly ownership, and allowed the country to emerge as an industrial and mercantile power.

    It is not at all clear how it all will turn out, but at least the Chinese did not follow the Soviet Union into the historical graveyard.

    What we might deduce from the Chinese experience is that there may be many sincere comrades within the PCC who are waiting for a chance to rectify the Cuban model–as we call it–and turn the Cuban economy, and society, in a new direction.

    What might such a direction be? My hope, as the reader might guess, is for a modern cooperative, state co-ownership form of socialism. Unfortunately, it might be a return to capitalism, by some unknown route.

    Let’s hope for the best for the Cuban people, and the world movement for authentic socialism.

  • March 4, 2013 at 12:04 pm
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    A thoughtful column, and a thoughtful “bio” by Armando C. Is he reachable by email?
    [email protected]

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