Graham Sowa

HAVANA TIMES — Vedado is the downtown neighborhood of Havana. It is in between the residential Playa/Miramar municipalities and commercial/government oriented Centro Havana.

Vedado boasts many popular Havana landmarks such as the Havana Libre hotel and the massive Copelia ice cream parlor.  During business hours the latter is surrounded by a phalanx of Cubans waiting in line who are gawked at by tourists leaving from the former.

Not far from these two places, walking distance really (but the tourists still arrive by bus from the hotel), on the corner of 17th and 6th streets, is John Lennon Park.

In the park there is a seated statue of John Lennon on a bench.  Some lyrics from his song “Imagine” are inscribed into a marble tile at his feet.  The inscription reads “You may say I’m a dreamer, but I’m not the only one”.

Quite right.  And as an artistic affirmation to these words, just a few blocks away there is another Vedado park, with a bas relief of another European writer, artist, and dreamer, Victor Hugo.

Victor Hugo was a participant and leader of the 18th century movement to remind humans that there is more to life than the political and scientific ideals of the Age of Enlightenment.

John Lennon imparted a similar message to the Counter-Culture Movement of the mid 20th century.  Even though Lennon and Hugo were separated by a couple of hundred years surely The Beatles are a good second act to Hugo’s romanticism.

However, unlike Lennon and the The Beatles, Victor Hugo was a big fan of revolution.  He was particularly endeared to the ideals of the French Revolution.

And even though Hugo was born after the death of many of the original First Republic leaders; he still found a grand cause for republicanism and social justice in the doctor cum revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat.  Hugo spoke of Marat’s particular form of conditional immortality in this poem:

“They said Marat is dead. No. Marat is not dead. Put him in the Pantheon or throw him in the sewer; it doesn’t matter—he’s back the next day.

“He’s reborn in the man who has no job, in the woman who has no bread, in the girl who has to sell her body, in the child who hasn’t learned to read.

“He’s reborn in the unheated tenement, in the wretched mattress without blankets, in the unemployed, in the proletariat, in the brothel, in the jail-house, in your laws that show no pity, in your schools that give no future, and he appears in all that is ignorance and he recreates himself from all that is darkness.

“Oh, beware, human society: you cannot kill Marat until you have killed the misery of poverty.”

In Vedado John Lennon and Victor Hugo are immortalized in bronze.  But what about Marat? Is he dead or alive?


Graham Sowa: I've been living in Cuba for three years now. I would like to blame my obvious hair loss seen in this updated photo on the rigors of life here and medical school, but it is probably just genetic. I've made some of the strongest friendships during my time in Cuba from other writers on this website. The strength of those friendships has almost restored my faith that the online world can lead to offline and real life change. On that same note I've adjusted to using internet one or two hours a month. In the meantime I have rediscovered things like flipping through the pages of books, writing stuff down by hand, and having to admit that I don't know something instead of rapidly looking up the answer on Google while the teacher isn't looking.

6 thoughts on “The Misery of Poverty in Cuba: Part I of II

  • Lennon wrote the song in 1968. He may have been a social idealist, but he was not a revolutionary, which is a very different thing. In talking about his song Imagine, John Lennon said,

    “‘Imagine’, which says: ‘Imagine that there was no more religion, no more country, no more politics,’ is virtually the Communist manifesto, even though I’m not particularly a Communist and I do not belong to any movement. There is no real Communist state in the world; you must realize that. The Socialism I speak about … [is] not the way some daft Russian might do it, or the Chinese might do it. That might suit them. Us, we should have a nice … British Socialism.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *