Santiago de Cuba, a City of Symbols and Political Propaganda

By Osmel Ramirez Alvarez

Wherever you go in Santiago de Cuba, you can see political messages and there are some buildings with two, three and even more giant posters.

HAVANA TIMES – I recently had to make a lightning trip to Santiago de Cuba. The city seems to be reborn after renovations work in the wake of the disaster created by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Accentuated by Fidel Castro’s decision to have his ashes rest in Santa Ifigenia Cemetery.

An extremely important historic place as the mortal remains of many of our Homeland’s patriots rest here, including Jose Marti and Carlos Manuel de Cespedes. Half-neglected for decades, the cemetery was renovated, gaining a new elegance and more majestic and official character once the urn with Fidel Castro’s ashes were placed there. And, large lines of visitors, tourists and Cubans come to see it every day, promoted by schools and workplaces.

Here rest the ashes of Fidel Castro.

As part of “Santiago’s” new role, or the “City of Heroes” as it is also known due to the title it was given during the socialist revolutionary period, following the Stalinist Soviet tradition. Accolades here include the attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953. Even though it was a military failure, it became a great symbol as it marked the beginning of the revolutionary struggle which was led by Fidel Castro and which won in 1959.

Thus, Santiago de Cuba is a city saturated with pro-Revolution political propaganda. This exists across the country, but it’s something else in Santiago. The Heredia theater has a huge picture of Juan Almeida Bosque up, in the style of the Che and Camilo images up on buildings in Havana’s Revolution Square. And nearby, in Antonio Maceo Square, there is a huge screen which is constantly showing pictures of Fidel, interspersed with allegorical propaganda as well.

Wherever you go, you can see political messages and there are some buildings with two, three and even more giant posters. Including Raul Castro’s extremely deep phrase: “Santiago is still Santiago”, which is even repeated on city buses. The large number of newly-built apartment buildings are filled with propaganda and almost affect the public aesthetic.

People on the street don’t talk about politics, they don’t even seem to form part of a symbolic place in national politics. Many are proud that they have Fidel Castro’s remains with them, who they believe is the superman we were taught he was; the creator of every great idea and the hero of every battle.

However, more than anything else, they have seen how the city has gained greater prosperity and importance after he died, which he could have never given them alive. Today, Santiago is enjoying “priority city” status, like Havana. With a greater budget for public maintenance and beautification, more regular transport and less shortages of food items. In short, a smaller dose of the crisis.

A street in Santiago de Cuba




Camilo Cienfuegos en Santiago de Cuba



Osmel Ramirez

I'm from Mayari, a little village in Holguín. I was born on the same day that the Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975. A good omen, since I identify myself as a pacifist. I am a biologist but I am passionate about politics, history and political philosophy. Writing about these topics, I got to journalism, precisely here on Havana Times. I consider myself a democratic socialist and my main motivation is to try to be useful to the positive change that Cuba needs.

2 thoughts on “Santiago de Cuba, a City of Symbols and Political Propaganda

  • I am a Canadian who suffered a minor stroke while visiting Santiago in January 2017. I appreciated the excellent medical help which I received at that time.

  • Santiago is a special city and very different from Havana. It doesn’t have the sea, but it does have magnificent mountains. Climbing Grand Piedra and standing in the cool air and clouds while watching the vista below is memorable. Yes Fidel lies there, and Raul now lives there too. The school house of Frank Pais is there, and so is Moncada. The museum of photography has the little radio set Che used in the mountains.

    It’s a city of history and a city of attitude. It also feels more Carribbean than Havana. It’s hotter. And compared to Havana it’s pretty clean.

    All that said, I think Holguin is set to surpass Santiago in population and economic output.

    But Santiago is always Santiago. 🙂

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