By Elio Delgado Legon
HAVANA TIMES – After almost seven years of the bloody dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, economically and militarily supported by the U.S. government, we saw the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in January 1959 with massive support from practically the entire people. Only those who were involved with the dictatorship did not support the revolutionary process.
As soon as the Revolution triumphed, all sorts of actions were undertaken to bring it to its knees. The first was accepting on U.S. territory all the war criminals, torturers and thieves who fled Cuba to evade justice. All these people were then used by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to perform acts aimed at destroying the Revolution.
For 54 years they have tried unsuccessfully to turn back the wheel of history. Among the widely varied attempts, one consistent one has been the attempts to assassinate the leaders of the Revolution, principally its commander-in-chief, Fidel Castro, as expressed in over 600 assassination attempts.
Terrorism, in all its manifestations, was also present in those years and has cost the country more than three thousand lives as well as considerable material damage.
One of the variants used by the CIA was to create an armed opposition. They organized bands of insurgents which murdered peasants, teachers and young people working on the national literacy program. Workers’ militia battalions fought against those bands until they were completely eradicated.
Along with the bands of insurgents in the country, a brigade was trained and armed to invade Cuba with the aim of seizing part of its territory, and then asking for U.S. intervention, something that was already under preparation in nearby waters. How the story ended is well known: They were defeated in less than 72 hours at the Bay of Pigs.
On the economic front, the U.S. government has done everything in its power to destroy the Revolution. They set this goal from 1960 on. Lester Mallory, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs sent Roy R. Rubottom Jr., the then deputy secretary of state, a memorandum in which he states:
“The majority of Cubans support Castro (…) There is no effective political opposition (…) The only effective way to make him lose domestic support (for the government) is to incite the disenchantment and discouragement that is born of economic dissatisfaction and penury ( …) We must rapidly implement all the means at our disposal to weaken the economic life of the country (…) denying money and supplies to Cuba in order to reduce nominal and real wages and so provoke hunger, desperation and the overthrow of the government “.
And that has been the policy applied to Cuba ever since: an economic, commercial and financial blockade that has cost the country a billion dollars and that keeps getting stronger, despite the nearly unanimous condemnation of the UN General Assembly for the last 21 years.
Parallel to the blockade policy, acts of terrorism and sabotage attempts have continued, some of them as criminal as the introduction of the hemorrhagic dengue virus, which killed more than a hundred children, the introduction of plagues to destroy agriculture, and the African swine fever virus which wiped out pig breeding in the country.
Among the examples of terrorism carried out against Cuba we need only mention the midair bombing of a plane with 73 people on board, or the string of bombing attempts in Havana hotels.
It’s a list too endless to enumerate here, which forced Cuba to protect itself by infiltrating these terrorist groups with the aim of neutralizing their activities. However, in so doing, five Cubans were sentenced to long prison terms as if they were criminals while the criminals remain at large.
I have mentioned only a small part of the activities and the attempts that have been made in the course of 54 years to destroy the Cuban Revolution; quoting them all would take up too much space.
In recent years, attempts have continued to be made to create internal opposition, paid for from the United States, but the Cuban people stand firm in support of their Revolution and will defend it against all those who wish to destroy it from without or within.