Pedro Campos

Havana's Karl Marx Theater. Photo: Rafique

HAVANA TIMES, Feb. 2 – Given the many letters that Granma newspaper is publishing for and against “cooperativismo” (the turning of certain services over to cooperative management), this past December 9, I sent the following commentary to the daily (the official organ of the Cuban Communist Party), which to date has not published it.

Letter to the editor:

The Transition of Food and Other Services to Self-Employed Individuals and Cooperatives

Some comrades speak of members of cooperatives and self-employed individuals as if they were capitalists.  One should remember that capitalism is based on wage-labor and on someone exploiting another person’s labor power, from which comes surplus value. This is the dynamic law of capitalism.

Self-employed individuals do not exploit other people’s labor, do not produce surplus value, therefore nor can they contribute to extended reproduction.  Moreover, when in Cuba they obtain super-profits, this is due to deformations in the State economy.

Likewise, there are comrades who speak of cooperatives as representatives of the private economy.

This shows they do not understand that production relationships in cooperatives are where the contradiction between capital and labor disappears.  These new socialist relations of production involve collective production, management and administration of collective or usufruct property, and the fair distribution of a part of the profits —the dynamic law of socialism— after paying taxes and withdrawing a part for extended reproduction.

Through cooperatives (or self and co-management), relations of freely associated labor are established that take the place of capitalist wage-labor and extend to the entire industrial and service economy in the socialist stage, until reaching communism. (Capital, Chap. 27, Vol. 3)

Those who think that cooperatives, by belonging collectively to individual people, are forms of “capitalist production,” forget that the form of exploitation is what characterizes property: property under a slave system is exploited with slave labor, feudal property is exploited with serf labor, capitalist property is exploited with wage-labor and socialist property produces with freely associated labor.

This is why Marx and Engels specified in the Communist Manifesto that the form of property that was necessary to eradicate was capitalist property, not individual property or just any type of property.  They also often specified that only when property is socialized, that is to say when it belongs to everyone —individually or collectively, and not to the state— there would be true property.

People will be truly free only when they do not depend on others —capitalists or the state— to earn their subsistence, which will occur when they are the individual or collective owners of the conditions of their reproduction.

Marx often said that for workers to construct socialism they would have to cease being the wage-earning class exploited by capitalism; they would have to become a class “for itself,” abolishing wage-labor and becoming the new class of freely associated workers – something frequently forgotten by those in favor of “real socialism.”

The issue is very broad to be embraced in a sole page.  I could expanded on it on another occasion.


14 thoughts on “Unpublished Letter to Granma

  • . . . thru history, it became customary to refer to their deployment by calling money &/or physical tools or other assets “capital.” This historic shift n nomenclature helped–especially n our industrial times–to hide the sticky fact that “capitalism” is really ownership and deployment of human beings–workers, managers, salespersons, scientists, etc.–in order for the owners of money credit and physical assets to exploit the use-values produced.

    There’s only one capital, Mark G., and that is the ability of the human being to use labor and genius to produce the useful values that we need to live and prosper. So, when u imply naively that capitalists “own their capital,” and should be “compensated for its use,” u r thinking with the disinformation terminology that capitalism hz developed to scramble our brains and protect its horrific system.

    Capitalism is not called that becuz it uses money & plant, but becuz it uses “capitals” as wage and salary serfs.

  • @ Mark G

    By “provocative,” I meant that ur comment “gets us to thinking,” not “makes us angry.”

    Also, ur last paragraph re “in an economy like Cuba’s” is well taken. (If Cuba can look at the lessons of the Mondragon workers hvr and make socialism work thru cooperative corporations, we’ll all see a stunning change.)

    Ur assertion that exploitation is “not inherent to working for a wage or salary” hvr is erroneous and deserves closer scrutiny.

    U say “. . . those who risk their capital deserve to be compensated, don’t they?” Yes, but what u call “their capital” is not theirs.

    “Capital” is not truly “money” or “physical plant.” “Capital” means “head,” and it came to be used in ancient times when slaves and other workers were referred to by the head, or by the “capital,” as with animal livestock. When a person in power needed “capital” to do a job, he needed human workers.

    As the deployment of these heads–these “capitals”–developed…

  • @ George

    “Marx’s greatest contribution” is a great, silly fiction. It is said that he “discovered” surplus value. He certainly did not.

    It was well known long before Marx that workers, starting with the development of farming and animal husbandry, can and must produce a “surplus” over and above that needed for his or her own support. This “surplus” is well known as the prerequisite and basis of civilization. For Marx to come along and claim “I discovered surplus value!” is the height of absurdity.

    The fictional “discovery” of surplus value is merely part of the whole cult of personality built up around Marx, to grease his way to prominence within the socialist movement.

    With regard to his “proposed solutions”: How many revolutions does his nonsense have to destroy before the left finally jettisons his pernicious influence?

    The major obstacle to world socialist transformation is not the bourgeois empire; it’s the left’s unwarranted adulation of Marx.

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