HAVANA TIMES, Dec 23 — Under the “updating” reforms being instituted in Cuba we are witnessing a broad flowering of private capitalism.
This is taking place with the systematic increase in the exploitation of wage labor by business operations that are being protected by a law that allows for “self-employed contracted labor.”
I have already attempted to clarify that self-employment is one thing (someone working for themself), while the exploitation of other people’s labor is something altogether different.
However, the government apparently doesn’t care that it is actively promoting private capitalism.
The goal is to stimulate production and increase tax collections – how they achieve this doesn’t matter. It’s like the old Chinese fable about the cat: “What counts is catching mice.”
The exploitation of contracted laborers is booming in the countryside, on the “haciendas” of already wealthy landowners, those who the state is now willing to cede more land given their “productivity.”
This is violating the sacred right of “the land belongs to those who till it”; instead, we are seeing the benefits going to those who have money to exploit it. Loans are even being extended so they can pay their wage laborers.
The same is seen with rental cars that belong to owners who pay wages to their drivers. The situation also exists in many cafes and restaurants, where not only is wage labor being fully exploited, but owners are even opening cafes in the names of front people becoming true chains that belong to the same wealthy person.
With the mansions that once belonged to the dethroned bourgeoisie and now belong to former authorities or active senior officials, we’re witnessing a repeat of the same: a large number of salaried employees are now working for “revolutionary” owners who rent rooms or apartments to foreigners.
Abysmally growing social differences
I don’t know how these capitalists manage to pay taxes on these business that bring in thousands of pesos a day. The current law requires payment of 60 percent of annual income over 60,000 Cuban pesos ($2,400 USD), which some of these people are collecting in 15 days or less.
Given all of this, we have to ask what is being done or can be done by ONAT (the National Auditing Office and its inspectors).
The supporters of Participatory and Democratic Socialism were among the first to support the full authorization of self-employment, which is yet to be fully implemented since there is still a ban on private practices for many professions. We have also supported all measures that tend towards the de-nationalization and de-bureaucratization of the economy.
But it is something very different to promote, almost without any restrictions, the exploitation of wage labor. That is exploitation; it is capitalism – clear, plain and rampant. That is not socialism, nor can it lead to society without exploiters or the exploited.
Where does this leave the socialist revolution, the one of the poor, the one we were promised in 1960-61 and for which millions of us have dedicated our lives? What is the status of the revolution for which we contributed to the literacy campaign, in the trenches, going into battle and volunteering for international missions?
What’s worst and most dangerous is all this flowering of private, corrupt and corrupting capitalism, without a truly socialist law over business operations.
This is not the situation in which workers’ councils decide on the direction, management or distribution of profits. There is no cooperative law regarding industry and services that enables and promotes the comprehensive development of freely associated labor, inherent in true socialist relations of production.
There is no law that forces these budding capitalists to equitably distribute a portion of their proceeds among and between their workers, as was brandished in the Moncada Program, or to give them ownership of the business, which would tend towards forms of socialist types of self-administered and co-managed cooperatives.
In short, we are in a situation without measures that are themselves socialists. This is the principal danger.
Can anyone scientifically explain how we can build socialism using wage-labor methods of production, using capitalist methods.
The undermining of cooperatives
The president just announced (at the last meeting of the Council of Ministers, according to the December 2 edition of the Granma newspaper), that the UBPCs (The Basic Units of Cooperative Production) will function as true agricultural cooperatives, while noting that cooperatives that are not profitable will be dissolved.
What this means is that they will continue dismembering the UBPCs and redistributing their land. To accomplish this, they are proposing to disband “cooperatives” that were never truly cooperatives, which were never able to function as such; which were never been free to produce, sell or make purchases; which were never empowered to choose their own leaders or distribute profits among their members.
What’s more, how can the government dissolve cooperatives — if they are indeed such entities — that can only be dissolved by their members, in accordance with any cooperative law that is respected?
There is a cooperative law for agriculture, which led to the CPA (Agricultural Production Cooperatives) and to the CCS (Credit and Service Cooperative), but which is very limited in its scope, full of statist embers and where the tutelary practice of the government is what has prevailed up until now. Will this change?
Will the way in which private lands have been distributed continue the same way? Will this continue to be based on the decisions of an all-powerful lord named by the state in each municipality, without the participation of local bodies of People’s Power and without the opinions of the citizens?
In the official discourse around the “updating” [reforms], brimming with authoritarianism, they speak of the “bosses” of state enterprises. Bosses under socialism? Shouldn’t there be collective leadership? And shouldn’t the only “boss” be the work collective at a company or the social collective in a village or a town anywhere in the country
We are continuing to perceive a great deal of confusion which are not simple lexical gaps in language or missteps in the actions of the state in terms of relations of production and life under socialism.
There is no clarity as to why or how or what should be encouraged, or not, to promote socialism. There is uncertainty as to what is self-employment, private capitalism and a cooperative. The only thing that stands out is vulgar pragmatism aiming to “increase production and revenue for the state,” without carefully analyzing how to do this or what will be the social and strategic costs.
The emergence of a new elite
Of course “troubled waters benefit the fishermen,” who in this case are all those who are the emerging elite and hold much of the domestic wealth, mixed with the sweat of others and with the juicy businesses of the state or with the state, whose profits go into the pockets of bureaucrats and their protégés. A good example was the 13 million pesos (over a half million USD) in false billings for garlic, mentioned by Raul Castro; or the millions of dollars in fees and services obtained by some representatives of the state in major international businesses transactions consummated in the name of the Cuban government.
It still hasn’t been announced publicly what happened to the government’s exclusive negotiator with US companies that sold billions of dollars in food to Cuba. Pedro Alvarez, who was under investigation, “escaped” from the jails of Cuban State Security and fled “underground” to the United States.
Can anyone say what investigation was conducted, what it uncovered, how much was embezzled, how he managed to escape, where he went, who helped him or what sanctions were imposed on the perpetrators and their accomplices?
How long will official corruption enjoy impunity while much of the police force chases after poor blacks and mestizos supposedly “harassing tourists,” as if the main and true siege on tourists doesn’t come from the owner-state, the Lord and appropriator of all or nearly all?
But no. The wealthy don’t worry; they are willing to accept the current state of affairs. They can invest their millions of pesos in several repaired rental almendrones (taxis), in veritable haciendas that remind us of the semi-feudal past, in restaurants or in mansions for renting to foreigners.
What is being protected is official government corruption, the only one able to exist in Cuba since the state has been the master of everything and has created and fostered this bureaucratic mess, whereby all officials are appointed based on a top-down, stratified nomenclature with well-defined levels.
In a play on words on the slogan of a Cuban television program, does this ensure the “passage to the known”?
Has the piñata fiesta already begun?
Will the people of Cuba and the true and honest revolutionaries left in the party, the armed forces, the Interior Ministry and other institutions of power allow the revolution that has cost us so much to end this way?
Will we soon be the witnesses of a historic tragedy?